ARTICLE 1.1 INTERNATIONAL REGULATIONS OF MOTOR SPORT :
1.1.1 The FIA shall be the sole international sporting
authority entitled to make and enforce regulations based
on the fundamental principles of safety and sporting
fairness, for the encouragement and control of automobile
Competitions, and to organise FIA International
1.1.2 The FIA shall be the final international court of
appeal for the settlement of disputes arising therefrom; it
being acknowledged that the Fédération Internationale de
Motocyclisme shall exercise the same powers insofar as
vehicles with one, two and three wheels are concerned.
1.1.3 To the fullest extent permitted by applicable law,
neither the FIA nor any of its officers, agents, employees,
directors or officials shall be liable to any other party for
any claim, cost, damage or loss resulting from any action,
decision or omission by the FIA and/or its officers, agents,
employees, directors or officials in connection with their
duties, except for willful misconduct or fraud.
ARTICLE 1.2 INTERNATIONAL SPORTING CODE
1.2.1 So that the above powers may be exercised in a fair
and equitable manner the FIA has drawn up the
International Sporting Code, which includes all appendices
1.2.2 The purpose of the Code is to regulate, encourage
and facilitate motor sport.
1.2.3 It will never be enforced so as to prevent or impede
a Competition or the participation of a Competitor, save
where the FIA concludes that this is necessary for the safe,
fair or orderly conduct of motor sport.
ARTICLE 1.3 ACQUAINTANCE WITH AND SUBMISSION TO THE REGULATIONS
1.3.1 Any person, or group of persons, organising a
Competition or taking part therein:
1.3.1.a Shall be deemed to be acquainted with the
statutes and regulations of the FIA and the national
1.3.1.b Shall undertake to submit themselves without
reserve to the above and to the decisions of the sporting
authority and to the consequences resulting therefrom.
1.3.2 In case of non-compliance with these provisions, any
person or group which organises a Competition or takes
part therein, may have the Licence which has been issued
to them withdrawn, and any manufacturer may be
excluded from the FIA Championships on a temporary or
permanent basis. The FIA and/or the ASN will state
reasons for its decisions.
1.3.3 If an Automobile is found not to comply with the
applicable technical regulations, it shall be no defence to
claim that no performance advantage was obtained.
ARTICLE 1.4 NATIONAL CONTROL OF MOTOR SPORT
1.4.1 One ASN shall be recognised by the FIA as sole
international sporting power for the enforcement of the
Code and control of motor sport throughout the territories
placed under the authority of its own country.
1.4.2 Each ASN shall be bound by the Code.
ARTICLE 1.5 EXERCISE OF THE SPORTING POWER IN THE TERRITORIES
Non-autonomous territories of a State are subject to the
sporting power exercised by the ASN representing the said
State at the FIA.
ARTICLE 1.6 DELEGATION OF SPORTING POWER
Each ASN may delegate the whole or part of the powers
conferred by the Code to other Clubs of its country, but
only after obtaining the prior approval of the FIA.
ARTICLE 1.7 WITHDRAWAL OF DELEGATION
An ASN may withdraw the delegation of its powers
provided it notifies the FIA of such withdrawal.
ARTICLE 1.8 NATIONAL COMPETITION RULES
Each ASN may draw up its own National Competition rules
which must be made available to the FIA.
ARTICLE 2.1 GENERAL PRINCIPLES
2.1.1 General application of the Code
2.1.1.a All Competitions conducted in a country represented within the FIA are governed by the Code.
2.1.1.b However, Closed Competitions are governed by the National Competition rules. In those countries where no National Competition rules are published, the Code shall be enforced
2.1.2 Organisation of Competitions
In every country,a Competition may be organised:
2.1.2.a by the ASN;
2.1.2.b by an automobile club, or exceptionally by another qualified sporting group provided this club or association holds the necessary Organising Permit.
2.1.3 Official documents
2.1.3.a For all Competitions except Record Attempts, unless provided for within specific FIA regulations, official documents must be drawn up, among which must always figure the Supplementary Regulations, an Entry form and an Official Programme.
2.1.3.b If any condition contained in these official documents is contrary to the Code, it shall be of no effect.
2.1.4 Statement to be made on all documents concerning a Competition
2.1.4.a All Supplementary Regulations, Official Programmes, and Entry forms relating to any Competition shall clearly bear the following statement: “Held under the FIA International Sporting Code including Appendices and under the National Competition Rules of … (name of ASN concerned or of its authorised representative)”.
2.1.4.b In those countries where no National Competition rules are published, the statement shall be reduced to: “Held under the FIA International Sporting Code including Appendices”.
2.1.5 Prohibited Competitions
2.1.5.a Any Competition or proposed Competition not organised in conformity with the Code or with the rules of the appropriate ASN shall be deemed prohibited. 2.1.5.b If such a Competitionis included in an Eventfor which an Organising Permit has been granted, the Organising Permit shall be null and void.
2.1.5.b If such a Competitionis included in an Eventfor which an Organising Permit has been granted, the Organising Permit shall be null and void.
2.1.6 Postponement or cancellation of a Competition
2.1.6.a A Competition may only be postponed or cancelled for reasons of Force Majeure or safety, or if provision for doing so has been made in the applicable regulations.
2.1.6.b In case of postponement for more than 24 hours or cancellation, Entry fees shall be returned.
2.1.7 A Competition is considered to have begun as from the time scheduled for the beginning of administrative checking and/or scrutineering. It shall end upon expiry of one or other of the following time limits, whichever is the later:
2.1.7.a time limit for protests or appeals or the end of any hearings;
2.1.7.b end of administrative checking and post‐event scrutineering carried out in accordance with the Code.
2.1.8 No Competition which is or purports to be part of an International Championship, cup, trophy, challenge or series not recognised by the FIA can be entered on the International Sporting Calendar.
2.1.9 For any Competition, national or international, open to the FIA formulae and categories or groups such as defined in the Code, all the Automobiles participating must comply in all respects with the FIA technical regulations, and the official clarifications and interpretations of these regulations provided by the FIA. An ASN may not modify these FIA technical regulations without specific written permission from the FIA.
ARTICLE 2.2 INTERNATIONAL COMPETITION
2.2.1 In order to claim international status, a Competition must satisfy all of the following conditions:
2.2.1.a for international Circuit Competitions, the Circuit concerned must hold a homologation Licence issued by the FIA, of an appropriate grade for the Competition Automobiles eligible to take part;
2.2.1.b for international Rallies and Cross‐Country Rallies, all the provisions of the relevant Articles hereinafter must be applied;
2.2.1.c the Competitors and Drivers admitted to take part must hold an appropriate International Licence;
2.2.1.d the Competition, other than Record Attempts, must be listed on the International Sporting Calendar.
2.2.2 Entry on the International Sporting Calendar is at the discretion of the FIA and must be applied for by the ASN of the country in which the Competition will take place. The FIA will state reasons for refusing any such entry.
2.2.3 Only International Competitions may form part of an International Championship, cup, challenge and trophy or series.
2.2.4 An International Competition, when it counts towards an international Championship, cup, trophy, challenge or series which bears the name of the FIA, is placed under the sporting supervision of the FIA.
2.2.5 For all other International Competitions, the ASNs are responsible for the application in their country of the international regulations established by the Code together with the ASN’s regulations and the regulations applicable to the Competition.
2.2.6 No Driver, Competitor or other licence‐holder may take part in an International Competition or International Championship, cup, trophy, challenge or series that is not registered on the International Sporting Calendar or not governed by the FIA or its ASNs.
2.2.7 An International Competition may be called “restricted” when the Competitors or Drivers who take part in the Competition have to comply with particular conditions. Competition by invitation comes under “restricted” Competition. In certain exceptional circumstances, the FIA may grant authorisation for “restricted” International Competitions, which on account of their specificity may be organised as a dispensation to Appendix O, to be entered by an ASN on the International Sporting Calendar.
ARTICLE 2.3 NATIONAL COMPETITION
2.3.1 A National Competition is placed under the sole sporting supervision of an ASN, which exercises its power of regulation and organisation (including through its National Competition rules) while respecting the general conditions of application of the Code.
2.3.2 Except as provided for below, a National Competition is open only to Competitors and Drivers holding a Licence issued by the ASN of the country in which that Competition takes place.
2.3.3 A National Competition cannot count towards an International Championship, cup, trophy, challenge or series, nor can it be taken into account for the drawing up of a general classification after several International Competitions.
2.3.4 A National Competition may, at the discretion of the authorising ASN, accept the participation of licence‐holders from other ASNs.
2.3.5 In the karting discipline, any Competitors and Drivers wishing to take part in a National Competition abroad in which the participation of licence‐holders from ASNs other than the one that issued them is admitted, must be holders of an International Licence.
2.3.5.a As an exception, any ASN which demonstrates, to the satisfaction of the FIA, the insufficiency on its national territory of Circuits for organising national karting Competition may authorise its licence‐holders holding a national Licence to take part in national karting Competitions on the territory of an ASN of a country having a common border (provided that, in the case of a maritime border, the FIA deems the additional country to have the appropriate geographical relationship) with it.
2.3.5.b Should an Organiser accept the Entry of a foreign Competitor or Driver who does not hold an International Licence this will constitute an infringement, which, when brought to the attention of the ASN authorising the National Competition concerned, shall be punished by a fine, the amount of which shall be left to the discretion of the ASN that authorises the National Competition concerned.
2.3.6 If the National Competition forms part of a National Championship, cup, trophy, challenge or series, Competitors and Drivers who are foreign licence‐holders will not be eligible to score points in the classification of the said Championship, cup, trophy, challenge or series. The allocation of points in the ranking of the said championship, cup, trophy, challenge or series must be done without taking the Competitors and Drivers who are foreign licence‐holders into account. For National Competitions forming part of an FIA zone Championship pursuant to the FIA zone Guidelines, this article shall not apply to licence‐holders from that zone only.
2.3.7 Any National Competition must be listed on the national calendar of the authorising ASN.
2.3.8 Competitors and Drivers who wish to take part in a National Competition organised abroad can only do so with the prior approval of their own ASN.
2.3.9 This authorisation shall be given by the ASN concerned in such form as they might deem convenient.
2.3.10 Should an Organiser accept the Entry of a foreign Competitor and/or Driver who has no prior authorisation from the ASN which issued them with their Licence or Licences, that Organiser would be committing an infringement which, when brought to the attention of the ASN authorising the National Competition concerned, shall be punished by a fine, the amount of which shall be left to the discretion of the ASN that authorises the National Competition concerned.
2.3.11 It should be noted that authorisations may only be given by ASNs to their licence‐holders for declared Competitions entered on the national calendar of an ASN.
2.3.12 EU Professional Competitors or Drivers shall be entitled to take part and score points in National Competitions taking place in European Union or comparable countries on the same basis as national licence‐holders of those countries.
2.3.13 Furthermore, the ASN that is authorising the Competition accepting the participation of licence‐holders from other ASNs must observe the obligation to provide the FIA and the Competitors and Drivers with at least the following, to appear on all official documents (in particular the Entry form):
2.3.13.a unequivocal information on whether the Circuit forms the subject of a currently valid international homologation by the FIA or a national homologation issued by the relevant ASN, matching the categories of competition Automobiles eligible to take part in the Competition;
2.3.13.b information on the categories of Automobiles authorised to take part in that Competition according to the homologation of the Circuit;
2.3.13.c information on the grade of Driver’s Licence required for taking part in the Competition.
2.3.14 A National Competition may be called “restricted” when the Competitors or Drivers who take part in the Competition have to comply with particular conditions. Competition by invitation comes under “restricted” Competition.
2.3.15 A Closed Competition must be authorised by the ASN which may, in exceptional circumstances, grant this authorisation to several clubs promoting it.
ARTICLE 2.4 CHAMPIONSHIP, CUP, TROPHY, CHALLENGE AND SERIES
2.4.1 International Championships
2.4.1.a Only the FIA may authorise an International Championship.
2.4.1.b International Championships may only be organised by the FIA, or by another body with written consent of the FIA. In this case, the Organiser of a Championship has the same rights and duties as the Organiser of a Competition.
2.4.1.cInternationalChampionships which bear the FIAname are the property of the FIA and may only bear a title that includes the word “World” (or any word with a similar meaning to or derived from “World” in any language) if their applicable regulations comply at least with the requirements of Article 2.4.3 of the Code and with the additional requirement that they involve the participation, on average over the entire season, of a least four automobile makes.
2.4.2 International cup, trophy, challenge and series
2.4.2.a An international cup, trophy, challenge or series may comprise several International Competitions, governed by the same regulations, or a single International Competition.
2.4.2.b Only International Competitions may form an international cup, trophy, challenge or series.
2.4.2.c No international cup, trophy, challenge or series may be organised unless the ASN proposing the cup, trophy, challenge or series has first obtained the written approval of the FIA, which will centre around the following points in particular:
2.4.2.c.i approval of the sporting and technical regulations, particularly with regard to safety;
2.4.2.c.i iapproval of the calendar;
2.4.2.c.iii prior authorisation, including the proposed dates, from all ASNs of the territory on which one or more of the Competitions counting towards the cup, trophy, challenge or series is or are organised;
2.4.2.c.iv verification fora Circuit Race that the homologation of the Circuits is appropriate to the categories of Automobiles admitted and, for all Competitions, respect of all the FIA regulations on safety and medical assistance;
2.4.2.c.v verification that the title of the cup, trophy, challenge or series is consistent with its geographic scope and with its technical and sporting criteria.
2.4.2.d International cups, trophies, challenges or series which bear the FIA name are the property of the FIA and may only be organised by the FIA or by another body with written consent of the FIA. In this case, the organiser of cups, trophies, challenges or series has the same rights and duties as the Organiser of a Competition.
2.4.3 Use of the word “World”
2.4.3.a International cups, trophies, challenges or series which bear the FIA name may only bear a title that includes the word “World” (or any word with a similar meaning to or derived from “World” in any language) if their applicable regulations comply at least with the requirements below and with the additional requirement that they involve the participation, on average over the entire season, of a least four automobile makes.
2.4.3.b International cups, trophies, challenges or series which do not bear the FIA name may not include in their title the word “World” (or any word with a similar meaning to or derived from “World” in any language) without the authorisation of the FIA. As a general rule, the FIA shall grant this authorisation provided that the following requirements are met and that the FIA believes that it is in the interests of the sport to do so. The FIA may withdraw its authorisation in the event of failure to comply with these requirements.
2.4.3.b.i The cup, trophy, challenge or series calendar must include Competitions taking place on at least three continents during the same season.
2.4.3.b.ii Where the cup, trophy, challenge or series consists of only one Competition, the heats, Competitions or other series, which serve to qualify Competitors to take part in that single Competition, must take place on at least three continents and must be Competitions validly registered on the International Sporting Calendar.
2.4.3.b.iii The Organiser must accept and acknowledge that, in addition to any rights or powers described in the Code or elsewhere, the FIA reserves the right to carry out inspections at any Competition of the cup, trophy, challenge or series which uses or has applied to use the title “World” in order to verify that the principles of the Code and of the applicable regulations are fully respected. The Organiser will facilitate such inspections by granting the FIA access to the whole of the Circuit and to all relevant documentation for this purpose.
2.4.3.b.iv The Organiser of the relevant cup, trophy, challenge or series must designate, for each Competition, at least one steward, from a list published and regularly updated by the FIA, who will officiate as chairman of the panel of stewards and who will report any serious breach of the Code or other irregularity noted during the Competition to the FIA, to the proposing ASN as well as to the ASN of the territory where the Competition is run.
2.4.4 National Championships
2.4.4.a Only the appropriate ASNs may authorise a National Championship.
2.4.4.b NationalChampionships may only be organised by the ASN or by another body with written consent from such ASN.
2.4.4.c A maximum of one Competition of a National Championship may be run outside its national territory, subject to the following conditions:
2.4.4.c.i that it is run in a country having a common border (provided that, in the case of a maritime border, the FIA deems the additional country to have the appropriate geographical relationship) with the country which is organising the National Championship;
2.4.4.c.ii that the technical and sporting regulations of the National Championship have received the approval of the FIA;
2.4.4.c.iii that the Courseon which the Competitionis run has been approved by the FIA, and in the case of Circuit Races has been homologated, and that all the FIA regulations on safety and medical assistance are respected.
2.4.4.d As an exception solely for karting National Championships, any ASN which demonstrates, to the satisfaction of the FIA, the insufficiency on its national territory of Circuits for organising karting National Competitions, may rely on the National Competitions of one or several countries having a common border (provided that, in the case of a maritime border, the FIA deems the additional country to have the appropriate geographical relationship) to organise its own National Championship with the prior agreement of the ASN(s) concerned.
2.4.4.e In addition, the FIA may, at its discretion, authorise a National Championship formed solely of Closed Competitions, with more than one Competition outside the territory of that club’s Parent ASN.
2.4.5 National cup, trophy, challenge or series
2.4.5.a Only the appropriate ASNs may authorise a national cup, trophy, challenge or series.
2.4.5.b A national cup, trophy, challenge or series may comprise several Competitions, governed by the same regulations, or a single Competition.
ARTICLE 2.5 PARC FERME
2.5.1 Inside the Parc Fermé, only the officials assigned may enter. No operation, checking, tuning or repair is allowed unless authorised by the same officials or by the applicable regulations.
2.5.2 The Parc Fermé is compulsory in those Competitions in which scrutineering is provided for.
2.5.3 The applicable regulations of the Competition shall specify the place where the Parc(s) Fermé(s) will be set up.
2.5.4 For Competitions held on a closed Course, the Parc Fermé must be in close proximity to the Finish Line (or to the Start Line, if such is provided for).
2.5.5 At the end of the specific Competition, the area between the Finish Line and the Parc Fermé entrance shall be placed under the Parc Fermé regulations.
2.5.6 The Parc Fermé shall be of adequate dimensions and well closed off to ensure that no unauthorised persons may gain access while Automobiles are in the enclosure.
2.5.7 The surveillance shall be carried out by officials, appointed by the Organisers, who are responsible for the operation of the Parc Fermé and only they are authorised to give orders to the Competitors.
2.5.8 In Rallies and Cross‐Country Rallies, the control areas and regrouping areas will be considered as a Parc Fermé. No repairs or assistance may take place within these control areas, unless otherwise specified in the applicable regulations.
ARTICLE 2.6 LICENCE
2.6.1 General principles
2.6.1.a The licence‐holder is deemed to be acquainted with the texts of the Code, and must comply with its provisions.
2.6.1.b The principle that will apply in all cases is that any applicant who qualifies for a Licence within the terms of the Code, the applicable sporting and technical rules and the FIA Code of good standing shall be entitled to such a Licence.
2.6.1.c No one may take part in a Competition if he does not possess a Licence issued by his Parent ASN, or a Licence issued by an ASN other than his Parent ASN with the consent of his Parent ASN.
2.6.1.d An International Licence must be renewed annually from the 1st of January of each year.
2.6.1.e Each ASN shall issue Licences in compliance with the FIA regulations.
2.6.1.f The Licence can be issued under a pseudonym, but no one may make use of two pseudonyms.
2.6.1.g A fee may be charged for the issue or the renewal of a Licence.
2.6.1.h An ASNcan issue a Licence to a foreigner belonging to a country not yet represented within the FIA with the FIA’s prior agreement. A list of Licences issued under these conditions shall be kept at the Secretariat of the FIA.
2.6.1.i Each ASNmust, at the time of its admission to the FIA, undertake to recognise and keep a register of Licences thus issued.
2.6.2 Super Licence
2.6.2.a Any candidates for a Super Licence must complete and sign the relevant application form. It must be renewed every year.
2.6.2.b The FIA reserves the right to refuse the issuing of a Super Licence, in particular if the candidate does not satisfy the rules of good standing defined in the FIA Code of good standing appended to the Code, and shall give reasons for any such refusal.
2.6.2.c The Super Licence document remains the property of the FIA, which will deliver it to each holder.
2.6.2.d The Suspension or withdrawal of a Super Licence resulting from a sanction excludes its holder from the FIA Championships for the duration of such Suspension or withdrawal.
2.6.2.e The commission of a road traffic offence, officially established by a national police authority, constitutes an infringement of the Code if this offence is serious, has placed others in danger or is contrary to the image of motor sport or to the values defended by the FIA.
2.6.2.f A Super Licence‐holder who has committed such a road traffic offence may:
2.6.2.f.i be given a warning by the FIA,
2.6.2.f.ii be placed under the obligation to accomplish some work of public interest or have his Super Licence temporarily or definitively withdrawn by the International Tribunal.
2.6.3 EU Professional Competitor or Driver
2.6.3.a Any EU Professional Competitor or Driver will be allowed to take part in National Competitions taking place in EU countries (or comparable countries by decision of the FIA) without the need for special authorisation, subject to the obligation in karting for the Drivers and Competitors to hold an International Licence.
2.6.3.bSuch nationalLicences will feature an EUflag.
2.6.3.c Each EU ASN or ASN of a comparable country by decision of the FIA will ensure that insurance arrangements take these regulations into account.
2.6.3.d Any EU Professional Competitor or Driver will be subject to the jurisdiction of the ASN of the country where he is competing, and to that of the ASN which issued his Licence.
2.6.3.e Any decision to suspend such a Licence will be published in the FIA Official Motor Sport Bulletin and/or on the FIA website www.fia.com.
2.6.4 Certificate of registration for the staff of Competitors entered in the FIA World Championships
2.6.4.a In the FIA World Championships, the members of the Competitors’ staff listed below are obliged to register with the FIA.
2.6.4.b Any person performing all or part of the following roles on behalf of a Competitor entered in an FIA World Championship must be duly registered with the FIA:
2.6.4.b.i Team principal: the person in charge of the most important decisions for the Competitor;
2.6.4.b.ii Sporting director: the person responsible for ensuring that the Competitor complies with the World Championship sporting regulations;
2.6.4.b.iii Technical director: the person responsible for ensuring that the Competitor complies with the World Championship technical regulations;
2.6.4.b.iv Team manager: the person holding the operational responsibility of the Competitor at the Competitions;
2.6.4.b.v Race engineer or equivalent: the person responsible for one of the Competitor’s Automobiles.
2.6.4.c In the FIA Formula One World Championship, the minimum number of persons who must be registered is 6 per Competitor. In the other FIA World Championships, the FIA Sporting Commissions in charge of them will adapt this number according to the characteristics specific to each Championship.
2.6.4.d Any duly registered member of a Competitor’s staff shall be considered as a Participant.
2.6.4.e When applying to enter an FIA World Championship, the Competitor must communicate to the FIA the list of the members of their staff who are to be registered as Competitor’s Staff by signing the form drawn up specifically for that purpose.
2.6.4.f Each duly registered member of a Competitor’s staff will be given, via the Competitor, a certificate of registration with the FIA, a document that is drawn up and issued by the FIA and that remains the property of the FIA.
2.6.4.g The registration must be renewed annually from the 1st of January of each year.
2.6.4.h The FIA has the right to withhold and to cancel the registration of any person who does not satisfy the rules of good standing defined in the FIA Code of good standing appended to the Code. Reasons must be given for any such decision.
2.6.4.h The FIA has the right to withhold and to cancel the registration of any person who does not satisfy the rules of good standing defined in the FIA Code of good standing appended to the Code. Reasons must be given for any such decision.
2.6.4.j If a change in the Competitor’s organisation leads to a modification of the list of members of their staff who must be registered with the FIA, the Competitor must inform the FIA of this within the 7 days following that change and submit an updated list within the same deadline, while returning to the FIA the certificates of registration of the persons who have ceased to perform their role.
ARTICLE 2.7SPECIFIC CONDITIONS
2.7.1 Automobilesauthorised in international Rallies
2.7.1.a The power of all Automobiles is restricted according to a minimum weight/power ratio of 3.4 kg/hp (4.6 kg/kw) in all international Rallies. The FIA shall, at all times and under all circumstances, take all the measures necessary for the enforcement of this power restriction.
2.7.1.b Only the following may participate in international Rallies:
2.7.1.b.i Touring Automobiles (Group A) unless there is an indication to the contrary on the homologation form excluding certain evolutions;
2.7.1.b.ii Production Automobiles (Groups N, R and RGT).
2.7.1.c Unless there is an indication to the contrary on the homologation form excluding certain evolutions, Groups A, N, R and RGT Automobiles are permitted, during a further period of four years following the expiry of their homologation, to participate in international Rallies other than those of the World Rally Championship on the following conditions:
2.7.1.c.i the FIA homologation papers are produced at administrative checking and at scrutineering;
2.7.1.c.ii the Automobilesare in conformity with the technical regulations (Appendix J) valid at the date of the expiry of their homologation and are in a sound condition to participate, at the discretion of the scrutineers.
2.7.1.d The size of turbo restrictors used on these Automobiles and the minimum weight must be those currently valid.
2.7.2 Cross-Country Ralliesand Baja Cross Country Rallies Only cross-country Automobiles (Groups T) as defined by the FIA technical regulations may be admitted, to the exclusion of any other Automobile.
2.7.3 MarathonCross‐Country Rallies
2.7.3.a All Marathon Cross‐Country Rallies must be entered on the International Sporting Calendar.
2.7.3.b Only one Marathon Cross‐Country Rally per continent may be organised each year, unless a special waiver is granted by the FIA.
2.7.3.c The Competition must last no more than twenty‐one days (including scrutineering and super special stage).
2.7.3.d Only cross‐country Automobiles (Groups T) as defined by the FIA technical regulations may be admitted, to the exclusion of any other Automobile.
2.7.4 Record Attempts
2.7.4.a Holder of record
2.7.4.a.i If the Record is one established in the course of an individual attempt, the holder is the Competitor to whom permission to make the attempt was granted and who made a formal application for such permission.
2.7.4.a.ii If the Record is one established in the course of an Event the holder is the Competitor in whose name the Automobile with which the performance was achieved was entered.
2.7.4.b.i An ASN shall adjudicate upon all claims to Records made within its territory.
2.7.4.b.ii The FIA shall adjudicate upon all claims to World Records, which claims shall be submitted to it by the appropriate ASN.
2.7.4.c Automobileeligible to establish Records Each one of the Records may be established only by an Automobile.
2.7.4.d.i The only Records recognised shall be National Records, World Records, Absolute World Records and the Outright World Record.
2.7.4.d.ii The same Record may be recognised in several of the above-mentioned categories.
2.7.4.e Automobile Records restricted to their own class An Automobile having established or broken a World Record in its own class may thereby break the Absolute World Record, but cannot beat the same Record in any superior class.
2.7.4.f Periods and distances recognised Only such periods and distances for National Records and for World Records as are laid down in Appendix D shall be recognised
2.7.4.g Recordsestablished during a race No Record established during a race shall be recognised.
2.7.4.h Record Attempts Conditions under which Record Attempts shall be made are mentioned in detail in Appendix D.
2.7.4.i Conditions for the recognition of World Records
2.7.4.i.i A World Record cannot be recognised unless the attempt has taken place in a country represented within the FIA, or by way of exception, in a country not represented but with an Organising Permit issued by the FIA.
2.7.4.i.i A World Record cannot be recognised unless the attempt has taken place in a country represented within the FIA, or by way of exception, in a country not represented but with an Organising Permit issued by the FIA.
2.7.4.j Registration of Records
2.7.4.j.i Each ASN shall keep a register of all Records established or broken within its territory and shall issue certificates of National Records on request.
2.7.4.j.ii The FIAwill keep a register of World Recordsand will issue certificates of those Records on request.
2.7.4.k Publication of Records
2.7.4.k.i Pending the formal recognition of a claim to a Record, the result of an attempt may not be advertised unless the following words are added in easily readable characters “Subject to confirmation”.
2.7.4.k.ii Disregard of this rule shall automatically entail the non‐recognition of a claim to a Record without prejudice to any further penalty that may be inflicted by the appropriate
2.7.4.l.i The competent ASN may establish a fee for its oversight and administration of National Record Attempts. Such fee will be fixed each year by and payable to the ASN.
2.7.4.l.ii The FIA may establish a fee for its oversight and administration of World Record Attempts. Such fee will be fixed each year by and payable to the FIA.
ARTICLE 3.1 NECESSARY ORGANISING PERMIT
A Competition must have an Organising Permit issued by the ASN of the country concerned or if held in a country not represented within the FIA, issued by the FIA.
ARTICLE 3.2 APPLICATION FOR AN ORGANISING PERMIT
3.2.1 Each application for an Organising Permit shall be sent to the ASN in accordance with the applicable deadlines, with the following information: draft of the Supplementary Regulations for each Competition of the Event, except for Record Attempts.
3.2.2 In the case of the ASNhaving fixed a fee beforehand for the issue of an Organising Permit, application must be accompanied by that fee, which will be reimbursed if the Organising Permit is not granted.
ARTICLE 3.3 ISSUING OF ORGANISING PERMIT
3.3.1 In eachcountry where there is an ASN, that ASNhas the right to issue Organising Permits in a format of tis choice.
3.3.2 An Organiser who makes an application for an Organising Permit shall be entitled to have that Organising Permit granted if he meets the criteria set out in the Code and the applicable sporting and technical rules of the FIA and, where applicable, of the relevant ASN.
ARTICLE 3.4 COMPLIANCE WITH LAWS AND REGULATION
3.4.1 A Competition may be held either on a road or on a Circuit, or on both, but no Organising Permit shall be granted by the ASN unless the Organising Committee undertakes to obtain the relevant permission from the competent local authorities.
3.4.2 Those parts of Competitions taking place on public roads open to normal traffic must conform to the road traffic regulations of the country in which they take place.
3.4.3 Competitions organised on a Speedway shall be subject to all the rules of the Code but may also be subject to Supplementary Regulations governing the driving of racing cars on Speedways and specially established for that purpose.
3.4.4 Publication of the regulations: the regulations of the various FIA Championship Competitions should reach the FIA Secretariat in accordance with the applicable sporting regulations.
ARTICLE 3.5 MAIN INFORMATION TO BE INCLUDED IN SUPPLEMENTARY REGULATIONS (Not applicable to the FIA Formula One World Championship)
3.5.1 Nomination of the Organiser(s);
3.5.2 The name, nature and definition of the proposed Competition(s);
3.5.3 A statement that the Event is to be held under the Code and under national rules if they exist;
3.5.4 Composition of the Organising Committee, which must include the names of the persons forming the Organising Committee, and the address of that committee;
3.5.5 Place and date of the Event;
3.5.6 A full description of the proposed Competitions (length and direction of the Course, classes and categories of Automobiles admitted, fuel, restriction in the number of Competitors, if such limitation exists, etc.);
3.5.7 All useful information concerning Entries (address to which they are to be sent, dates and hours of opening and closing, amount of fee, if such exists;
3.5.8 All relevant information concerning insurance;
3.5.9 The dates, times and nature of Starts, with indication of Handicaps, if any;
3.5.10 Reminder of clauses of the Code, especially as regards compulsory Licences, signals (Appendix H);
3.5.11 Manner in which classification shall be established;
3.5.12 A detailed list of prizes;
3.5.13 A reminder of the clauses of the Code concerning protests;
3.5.14 The names of the stewards and of the other officials;
3.5.15 A provision for postponement or cancellation of a Competition, if applicable.
ARTICLE 3.6 AMENDMENTS TO SUPPLEMENTARY REGULATIONS
No amendments shall be made to the Supplementary Regulations after the beginning of the period for receiving Entries, unless unanimous agreement is given by all Competitors already entered, or by decision of the stewards.
ARTICLE 3.7 MAIN INFORMATION TO BE INCLUDED IN THE OFFICIAL PROGRAMME
3.7.1 A statement that the Event is to be held under the Code and under the national rules if such exist;
3.7.2 Place and date of the Event;
3.7.3 A short description and the time table of the proposed Competitions;
3.7.4 Names of Competitors and Drivers with the numbers allocated to their Automobiles;
3.7.5 The Handicap, if any;
3.7.6 A detailed list of prizes;
3.7.7 The names of the stewards and of the other officials.
3.8.1 An Entry compels the Competitor to take part in the Competition in which they have accepted to run, except in case of duly established Force Majeure.
3.8.2 It also binds the Organiser to fulfil, for the Competitor, all the conditions upon which the Entry was made, the only reservation being that the Competitor must use his best endeavours to participate in the Competition.
ARTICLE 3.9 RECEIPT OF ENTRIES
3.9.1 Once the ASN has agreed to issue an Organising Permit for an Event, the Organising Committee may receive Entries.
3.9.2 Formatof Entries
Final Entries shall be made in writing in the format required by the Organising Committee which shall provide for a statement of the name and address of the Competitor and of the Drivers nominated, if necessary, together with Licence numbers of the Competitor and Drivers. The Supplementary Regulations may, however, provide for an additional period of time for the nomination of Drivers.
3.9.3 Payment of Entryfees
If an Entry fee is provided for in the Supplementary Regulations, any Entry not accompanied by this fee shall be null and void.
3.9.4 Authorisations granted by ASNs to take part in International Competitions abroad
3.9.4.a Competitors and Drivers who wish to take part in an International Competition organised abroad can only do so with the prior autorisation of their own ASN.
3.9.4.b This authorisation shall be given by the ASN concerned in such form as they might deem convenient.
3.9.4.c Should an Organiser accept the Entry of a foreign Competitor and/or Driver who has no authorisation from the ASN which issued them with their Licence or Licences, that Organiser would be committing an infringement which, when known to the FIA, would entail such penalty as the FIA may deem to impose.
3.9.4.d These authorisations may only be given by ASNs to their licence‐holders for Competitions entered on the International Sporting Calendar.
ARTICLE 3.10 RESPECT OF ENTRIES
3.10.1 Any dispute between a Competitor and the Organiser regarding an Entry shall be judged by the ASN having approved the Organising Committee without prejudice to the right of appeal in the case of a foreign Competitor.
3.10.2 If the dispute is not resolved before the date of the Competition concerned, any Competitor who, having been entered, or any Driver who, having accepted to take part in that Competition, does not run, will be immediately suspended internationally (temporary withdrawal of their Licence), unless he pays a deposit, the amount of which shall be fixed in each country by the ASN.
3.10.3 The payment of this deposit does not imply that a Competitor or a Driver may substitute one Competition for another.
ARTICLE 3.11 CLOSING OF ENTRIES
3.11.1 Dates and times for the closing of Entries must be mentioned in Supplementary Regulations.
3.11.2 As regards International Competitions, closing of Entries must take place at least 7 days prior to the date fixed for the Event. For other Competitions, the time limit may be reduced at the discretion of the relevant ASN or of the FIA.
ARTICLE 3.12 ENTRYMADE BY ELECTRONIC MEANS
3.12.1 An Entry may be made by any electronic means of communication provided it is dispatched before the time limit fixed for the closing of Entries and, if need be, the required Entry fee is lodged concurrently.
3.12.2 The time of sending shown on the electronic communication (e.g. email) will be used as conclusive evidence of the time of lodgement of the Entry.
ARTICLE 3.13 ENTRYCONTAINING A FALSE STATEMENT
3.13.2 The lodgement of such an Entry shall be deemed a breach of the Code. Moreover, the Entry fee may be forfeited.
ARTICLE 3.14 REFUSAL OF ENTRY
3.14.1 In the case of an Entry for an International Competition being refused by the Organising Committee, the latter must notify the applicant of such refusal no later than 2 days after the Entry closing date and not less than 5 days before the beginning of the Competition, stating the grounds for such a refusal.
3.14.2 As regards other Competitions, the national regulations may provide other terms as far as the notification of a refusal is concerned.
ARTICLE 3.15 CONDITIONAL ENTRIES
3.15.1 Supplementary Regulations may provide that Entries shall be accepted under certain well specified conditions as for instance in the case of a limitation on the number of starters, when a vacancy occurs among the other Competitors entered.
3.15.2 A conditional Entry must be notified to the interested party by letter or any electronic means of communication sent no later than the day following the closing of Entries, but the Competitor entered conditionally is not subject to the applicable prescriptions relating to unauthorised substitution of one Competition for another.
ARTICLE 3.16 PUBLISHING OF ENTRIES
3.16.1 No Entry may be published unless the Organisershave received a duly completed Entry form accompanied by the Entry fee where applicable.
3.16.2 Competitors entered conditionally shall be designated as such when Entries are published.
ARTICLE 3.17 SELECTION OF COMPETITORS
3.17.1 Should the applicable regulations provide for a limitation on the number of Entries, the procedure for the selection of the Competitors accepted should be specified in the applicable regulations.
3.17.2 Where it is not, selection will be by means of ballot or as determined by the ASN.
ARTICLE 3.18 NOMINATION OF RESERVES
Should any Competitor be eliminated in accordance with Article 3.17 of the Code, they may be accepted as a reserve by the Organising Committee.
ARTICLE 3.19 ENTRYOF AN AUTOMOBILE
3.19.1 One and the same Automobile shall not be entered more than once in the same Competition.
3.19.2 In exceptional circumstances, an ASN may, in its territory, authorise more than one Entry of the same Automobile in the same Competition, so long as it is driven only once by the same Driver.
ARTICLE 3.20 OFFICIAL LIST OF ENTRIES
The Organising Committee must send to the ASN, and make available to each Competitor, the official list of Entries accepted in the Competition at least 48 hours before the beginning of the Event, except where Entries close after this time, in which case the official list must be made available to each Competitor prior to the start of the Competition.
ARTICLE 3.21 RESERVED AREAS
In order to gain access to the Reserved Areas, a person must hold a specific authorisation or a pass.
ARTICLE 4.1 ITINERARY
The itinerary(ies)of a Touring Assembly may be compulsory, but only with simple passage controls and without any average speed being enforced on participants during the run.
ARTICLE 4.2 GENERAL CONDITIONS
4.2.1 One or several additional motor sport activities, except speed events, can be included in the programme of a Touring Assembly, but these additional motor sport activities may only take place at the point of arrival.
4.2.2 The Touring Assemblies must not be allotted any prize money.
4.2.3 A Touring Assembly is exempt from entry on the International Sporting Calendar even if the participants therein are of different nationalities, but it cannot be organised in a country without the agreement of the ASN who must approve the regulations.
4.2.4 Regarding organisational details, the regulations must be drawn up in the same spirit as those provided for Competitions in the Code.
4.2.5 If the route(s)of a Touring Assembly run(s)through the territory of one ASN only, the participants in the said Touring Assembly are not obliged to have Licences.
4.2.6 In the opposite case, the Touring Assembly must conform to the prescriptions which apply to international Courses and the participants therein must possess the necessary Licences.
ARTICLE 5.1 CONDITIONS
The following conditions must be observed:
5.1.1 an official car will lead the Parade and another will close it;
5.1.2 these 2 official cars will be driven by experienced drivers under the control of the clerk of the Course;
5.1.3 overtaking is strictly forbidden;
5.1.4 timing is forbidden;
5.1.5 within the framework of an Event, any Parade must be mentioned in the Supplementary Regulations and the Automobiles taking part must be mentioned in the Official Programme.
ARTICLE 5.2 AUTHORISATION
Parades cannot be organised without express authorisation from the ASN of the organising country.
ARTICLE 6.1 CONDITIONS
The following conditions must be observed:
6.1.1 Demonstrations are controlled at all times by the clerk of the Course;
6.1.2 Demonstrations of more than 5 Automobiles are controlled at all times by a safety car, driven ahead of the field by an experienced Driver under the control of the clerk of the Course;
6.1.3 all the marshals must be present at their posts (within the framework of an Event), and rescue and signalling services are required;
6.1.4 arrangements ensuring the safety of the spectators must be in place;
6.1.5 Drivers must wear appropriate safety clothing (FIA approved clothing and helmets are strongly recommended). Organisers may specify minimum clothing standards;
6.1.6 the Automobiles must pass scrutineering on safety grounds;
6.1.7 a precise Entry list must be published after scrutineering;
6.1.8 no passengers are allowed except when the Automobiles were originally designed and equipped to transport passengers in the same safety conditions as the Driver, and provided that they wear appropriate safety clothing (the clothing and helmets approved by the FIA are strongly recommended). The Organisers may specify minimum clothing standards;
6.1.9 overtaking is strictly forbidden unless under the instructions of marshals showing blue flags;
6.1.10 timing is forbidden;
6.1.11 within the framework of an Event, any Demonstration must be mentioned in the Supplementary Regulations and the Automobiles taking part must be mentioned in the Official Programme.
ARTICLE 6.2 AUTHORISATION
Demonstrations cannot be organised without express authorisation from the ASN of the organising country.
ARTICLE 7.1 INTERNATIONAL COURSES
7.1.1 When the Course of a Competition traverses the territory of several countries, the Organisers of this Competition must first obtain, through their own ASN, the consent of each ASN of the countries traversed and of the FIA for those countries which are not represented at the FIA.
7.1.2 The ASN of the countries through which the Course of the Competition runs will retain the sporting control over the whole of the Course within the limits of their territory, it being understood however that the final approval of the results of the Competition will be granted by the ASN of the Organisers.
ARTICLE 7.2 APPROVAL OF COURSES
The selection of any Courseshall be approved by the ASNand with the request for such approval a detailed itinerary giving the exact distances to be covered shall be submitted.
ARTICLE 7.3 MEASUREMENT OF DISTANCES
For Competitionsother than Record Attempts, distances up to 10 Kilometres shall be measured along the centreline of the Course by a qualified surveyor. Distances over 10 Kilometres shall be determined by the official road markings or by means of an official map to a scale not less than 1:250,000.
ARTICLE 7.4 INTERNATIONAL LICENCE FOR A CIRCUIT OR COURSE
7.4.1 Application must be made by an ASN, to the FIA, for an international Licence for a permanent or temporary Circuit or Course, if a race or a Record Attempt is envisaged.
7.4.2 The FIA may license a Circuit for automobile races or a Course for Record Attempts and will appoint an inspector to ensure the Circuit or Course meets the required standards.
7.4.3 The FIA, after consulting with the competent ASN and its inspector, may refuse to grant or may withdraw a Licence but shall state reasons for any such withdrawal or refusal.
7.4.4 Information to be given on Course or CircuitLicences
7.4.4.a A Licence granted by the FIA shall state the length of the Course or Circuit and, in the case of a race Circuit, a grade indicating the categories of racing cars for which the Licence is valid (see Appendix O).
7.4.4.b If appropriate, it shall indicate whether the Course or Circuit is approved for attempts at World Records.
ARTICLE 7.5 NATIONAL LICENCE FOR A CIRCUITOR COURSE
An ASN may similarly grant a national Licence for a Circuit or Course on the conditions specified in Articles 7.5.1 and 7.5.2 of the Code.
7.5.1 A Licence granted by an ASN shall state the length of the Course or Circuit and whether it is approved for attempts at National Records.
7.5.2 It will also contain any rules specific to the Course or Circuit, which Drivers are expected to know and are required to obey.
ARTICLE 7.6 CONDITIONS TO BE FULFILLED FOR BOTH PERMANENT AND TEMPORARY COURSES AND CIRCUITS
The conditions to be fulfilled in the case of both permanent and temporary Courses and Circuits are as periodically laid down by the FIA.
ARTICLE 7.7DISPLAY OF A CIRCUIT LICENCE
A Circuit Licence, so long as it is in force, shall be displayed in a prominent position at the Circuit.
ARTICLE 8.1 START
8.1.1 There are two methods of Start:
8.1.1.athe rolling Start;
8.1.1.bthe standing Start.
8.1.2 A Competitor shall be deemed to have started at the moment of the Start regardless of which method is used. Under no circumstances whatsoever shall this signal be repeated.
8.1.3 For all Competitions other than Record Attempts, the relevant sporting or Supplementary Regulations shall define the method of the Start.
8.1.4 If timing is employed, this will commence at the Start.
ARTICLE 8.2 START LINE
8.2.1 In all Competitions with a rolling Start, the Start Line is the one which, when crossed, starts the timing of the Automobiles(s).
8.2.2 In Competitions with a standing Start, the Start Line is the line in relation to which the position of each Automobile (and if necessary of each Driver) is fixed, prior to the Start.
8.2.3 The relevant sporting or Supplementary Regulations shall define the relative positions of all Automobiles before the Start and the method by which these positions are determined.
ARTICLE 8.3 ROLLING START
8.3.1 A rolling Start occurs when the Automobile is moving at the moment when the timing begins.
8.3.2 Unless otherwise stipulated in the relevant sporting or Supplementary Regulations, Competitors are led away from the starting grid by an official car, maintaining their grid order, which may be either in line or side by side as stipulated in the relevant sporting or Supplementary Regulations, which shall also stipulate the procedure should an Automobile fail to take the Start in its assigned position.
8.3.3 When the official car leaves the track, the field continues in order behind the leading Automobile. The starting signal shall be given. However, unless otherwise stipulated in the relevant sporting or Supplementary Regulations, the race shall not be considered to have started until the Automobiles pass the Start Line and timing shall commence when the leading Automobile passes that line.
ARTICLE 8.4 STANDING START
8.4.1 A standing Start occurs when the Automobile is stationary at the moment when the order to start is given.
8.4.2 For a Record Attempt with a standing Start, the Automobile must be stationary with that part which operates the timing not more than 10 cm behind the Starting Line. The engine of the Automobile shall be running before the Start.
8.4.3 For all other Competitions with a standing Start, the Supplementary Regulations shall stipulate whether, before the starting signal is given, the engine shall be running or stopped.
8.4.4 For Automobiles starting singly or in line abreast
8.4.4.a If timing is done by automatic timing systems, the Automobile or Automobiles shall be placed before the Start as defined above for Record Attempts with a standing Start.
8.4.4.b If timing is done by means of a watch or with a timing system not triggered automatically, the Automobile or Automobiles shall be placed before the Start with that part of the front wheels touching the ground placed on the Starting Line.
8.4.5 For Automobiles starting from a grid formation
8.4.5.a Whatever the starting positions relative to the Starting Line laid down by the relevant sporting or Supplementary Regulations, the timing shall begin when the signal to start is given.
8.4.5.b From then on, if the race is on a closed Circuit, as from the end of the first lap, each Automobile will be timed as it crosses the timing line, unless the above‐mentioned regulations dictate otherwise.
8.4.6 After final publication of the starting grid, the places of any non‐starters shall be left empty, the other Competitors retaining their published positions on the grid.
ARTICLE 8.5 STARTER
In any international speed Competition, the starter shall be the clerk of the Course or the race director unless either appoints another official to carry out this function.
ARTICLE 8.6 FALSE START
8.6.1 A false Startoccurs when a Competitor:
8.6.1.a is in the wrong position for the Start (as described in the relevant sporting or Supplementary Regulations), or;
8.6.1.b moves forward from the prescribed position before the Start signal is given;
8.6.1.c is moving when the Start signal is given during a standing Start, or;
8.6.1.d accelerates early or unevenly during a rolling Start or fails to maintain the prescribed formation (all as described in the relevant sporting or Supplementary Regulations, or as specified by the race director or clerk of the Course).
8.6.2 Any false Start shall be deemed to be a breach of these rules.
ARTICLE 8.7 HEATS
8.7.1 A Competitionmay be started in heats, the composition of which must be determined by the Organising Committee and published in the Official Programme.
8.7.2 The composition of these heats may be modified if required, but only by the stewards.
ARTICLE 8.8 DEAD HEATS
In the case of a dead heat the Competitors shall either share the prize allotted to their place in the classification, and the following available prize or prizes, or, if all the Competitors agree, the stewards may authorise a further Competition restricted to the Competitors concerned, and impose conditions therefore, but in no case whatsoever shall the first Competition be re‐run.
ARTICLE 9.1 REGISTRATION OF COMPETITORSAND DRIVERS
9.1.1 Any person wishing to qualify as a Competitor or as a Driver shall make a formal application for a Licence to the ASN of the country of which he is a citizen.
9.1.2 If no Competitor is listed on the Entry application, the first Driver is deemed also to be the Competitor and must hold the two corresponding Licences.
ARTICLE 9.2 ISSUING OF LICENCES
9.2.1 Certificates of registration drawn up in accordance with a format approved by the FIA, bearing the name of the ASN and termed either “Competitor’s Licence”, “Driver’s Licence” or “Licences for participants with special abilities” as defined in Appendix L, may be issued by the ASN.
9.2.2 Three kinds of International Licences have been established i.e.:
9.2.2.a Competitor’s Licence;
9.2.2.b Driver’s Licence;
9.2.2.c Licencesfor participants with special abilities.
9.2.3 Each ASNis authorised to issue InternationalLicences.
9.2.4 An ASN may also issue national Licences, the type of which may be chosen by that ASN. It may use for that purpose the International Licences by adding an inscription which will restrict the validity to its country only, or to a specific category of Competition.
ARTICLE 9.3 RIGHT OF ISSUING LICENCES
9.3.1 Each ASN shall be entitled to issue Licences to its nationals.
9.3.2 Each ASN shall be entitled to issue Licences to the nationals of other countries represented within the FIA, in compliance with the following statutory conditions:
9.3.2.a that their Parent ASN gives its prior agreement to the issuing, which may only take place once a year and in special cases;
9.3.2.b that they can produce for their Parent ASN (the country of their passport) permanent proof of residence in the other country (any person aged less than 18 years on the day of the request must provide an attestation that they are in full‐time education in the other country);
9.3.2.c that their Parent ASN has recovered the Licence originally issued.
9.3.3 No person authorised by their Parent ASNto apply for a Licence from another ASN shall hold a Licence from their Parent ASN valid for the current year.
9.3.4 If, however, for very special reasons, a licence‐holder wishes to change the nationality of his Licence during the current year, he would only be able to do so after having obtained his Parent ASN’s consent and once his old Licence has been taken back by his Parent ASN.
9.3.5 An ASN may also grant a Licence to a foreigner belonging to a country not yet represented within the FIA, but only on condition that the FIA is immediately informed of the intention to do so, in which case the FIA will at once state if there is any reason why such a Licence should not be granted. The ASN shall advise the FIA of any refusal on its part to comply with a request of this nature.
9.3.6 Exceptionally bona fide students at an ASN‐recognised competition driving school may take part in up to two National Competitions organised by that school on the strict condition that they have the agreement of both their Parent ASN and the host ASN. In such cases, their original Licence must be lodged with the host ASN, which will then issue a suitable Licence for the Competition. This Licence will be exchanged for their original Licence at the conclusion of the Competition(s).
A person having a Licence from an ASN other than his Parent ASN will be able to take part with this Licence in National Competitions taking place on the territory of his Parent ASN, according to the conditions set by the Parent ASN.
ARTICLE 9.5 NATIONALITY OF A COMPETITOR OR DRIVER
9.5.1 As far as the application of the Code is concerned, any Competitor or Driver who has obtained their Licence from an ASN takes the nationality of that ASN for the period of validity of that Licence.
9.5.2 All Drivers, irrespective of the nationality of their Licence, participating in any FIA World Championship Competition, shall retain the nationality of their passport in all official documents, publications and prize‐giving ceremonies.
ARTICLE 9.6 REFUSAL OF LICENCE
9.6.1 An ASN or the FIA may refuse to issue a Licence to an applicant who does not meet the national or international criteria applicable to the Licence applied for.
9.6.2 The reasons for any such refusal shall be stated.
ARTICLE 9.7 PERIOD DURING WHICH A LICENCEIS VALID
Licences shall expire on the 31st of December each year unless, in the case of a national Licence, the ASN decides otherwise.
ARTICLE 9.8 FEE CHARGEABLE FOR A LICENCE
9.8.1 A fee may be charged by an ASN for the issuing of a Licence, and that fee shall be fixed each year by the ASN.
9.8.2 The FIA must be advised by the ASN of the fees charged for International Licences.
ARTICLE 9.9 VALIDITY OF LICENCE
9.9.1 A Competitor’s or Driver’s Licence issued by an ASNshall be valid in all countries represented on the FIA and shall entitle the holder to enter or drive in all Competitions organised under the control of the ASN which issued the Licence, and also in all Competitions appearing on the International Sporting Calendar, subject to the conditions mentioned in the Code concerning the approval of the ASN.
9.9.2 For restricted Competitions, the licence‐holder must observe the special conditions contained in the applicable sporting regulations or in the Supplementary Regulations.
ARTICLE 9.10 PRODUCTION OF LICENCE
A Competitor or a Driver at an Event shall produce their Licence at the request of a duly authorised official of that Event.
ARTICLE 9.11 WITHDRAWAL OF LICENCE
9.11.1 Any person who shall enter, drive in, officiate at, or in any manner whatsoever take part in a prohibited Competition may be suspended by the ASN which issued them with their Licence.
9.11.2 Where the prohibited Competition has been or is to be held outside the jurisdiction of such ASN, the two ASNs concerned shall agree as to the duration of the Suspension and should they fail to so agree, the matter shall be referred to the FIA.
ARTICLE 9.12 MEDICAL SURVEILLANCE
Any Driver participating in International Competitions must be able to show on request a medical certificate of aptitude in accordance with the requirements of Appendix L.
ARTICLE 9.13 PSEUDONYM
9.13.1 If a Licence is requested under a pseudonym, special application shall be made to the ASN concerned.
9.13.2 In such cases a Licence will be issued in the assumed name if approved.
9.13.3 The licence‐holder, for so long as they are registered under a pseudonym, shall not take part in any Competition under any other name.
9.13.4 An alteration of a pseudonym shall necessitate the same procedure being followed as for the original name.
9.13.5 A person registered under a pseudonym shall not revert to the use of their own name until they have obtained a new Licence under their own name from the ASN.
ARTICLE 9.14 CHANGE OF ENTERED DRIVER
9.14.1 A change of entered Driver may be made prior to the close of Entries provided this is not prohibited in any applicable regulations.
9.14.2 A change of entered Driver may be made after the close of Entries only with the approval of the Organising Committee and only if it does not involve a change of Competitor.
ARTICLE 9.15 IDENTIFICATION NUMBERS
During a Competition each Automobile shall carry prominently displayed, one or more numbers or marks in conformity with the relevant provisions of the Code, unless otherwise provided for in any applicable regulations.
ARTICLE 9.16 RESPONSIBILITY OF THE COMPETITOR
9.16.1 The Competitor shall be responsible for all acts or omissions on the part of any person taking part in, or providing a service in connection with, a Competition or a Championship on their behalf, including in particular their employees, direct or indirect, their Drivers, mechanics, consultants, service providers, or passengers, as well as any person to whom the Competitor has allowed access to the Reserved Areas.
9.16.2 In addition, each of these persons shall be equally responsible for any breach of the Code or of the national rules of the ASN concerned.
9.16.3 Upon request of the FIA, the Competitor must provide the FIA with the full list of persons taking part in, or providing a service in connection with, a Competition or a Championship on their behalf.
ARTICLE 9.17 UNAUTHORISED SUBSTITUTION OF ONE COMPETITION FOR ANOTHER
9.17.1 Any Competitor having entered themselves or any Driver having undertaken to drive in any International or National Competition who does not take part in that Competition and takes part in another Competition on the same day at some other place shall be suspended (temporary withdrawal of Licence) as from the beginning of the latter Competition, for such time as the ASN concerned may deem fit.
9.17.2 If the two Competitions take place in different countries, the two ASNs concerned shall agree as to the penalty to be imposed and should the ASNs fail to agree, the matter shall be referred to the FIA, whose decision thereon will be final.
ARTICLE 9.18 ENTRIESIN INTERNATIONAL COMPETITIONS
9.18.1 Only those Competitions, other than Record Attempts, appearing on the International Sporting Calendar posted on the Internet site www.fia.com and/or published in FIA Official Motor Sport Bulletins are officially recognised.
9.18.2 Any licence‐holder participating in a prohibited Competition will be subject to the sanctions provided for in the Code.
ARTICLE 10 AUTOMOBILES
ARTICLE 10.1 CLASSIFICATION OF AUTOMOBILES
Automobiles, both for Record Attempts and for other Competitions, may be classified by type and/or the capacity of their power plant, of whatever type, and Record Attempts and Competitions may be restricted, by the relevant regulations or record classifications, to Automobiles meeting such restrictions.
ARTICLE 10.2 DANGEROUS CONSTRUCTION
The stewards may exclude an Automobile whose construction is deemed to be dangerous.
ARTICLE 10.3 HOMOLOGATION OF AUTOMOBILES
10.3.1 Automobiles may be required to be homologated in accordance with the relevant technical or sporting regulations.
10.3.2 Once completed and accepted by the FIA or the relevant ASN, the homologation form shall be relied upon, in accordance with the regulations, for scrutineering the Automobile.
10.3.3 Automobiles must comply with their respective homologation documents.
10.3.4 Any error or omission made by the entity which submitted the homologation request will not exempt a noncompliance from this regulation.
ARTICLE 10.4 SUSPENSION OR DISQUALIFICATION OF A PARTICULAR AUTOMOBILE
10.4.1 An ASN or the FIA may suspend, exclude or disqualify from one or more Competitions a particular Automobile as a result of a breach of the Code or of the National Competition rules by the Competitor or the Driver or the manufacturer of the Automobile or their authorised representative.
10.4.2 An ASN may suspend or disqualify a particular Automobile as a result of a breach of the Code or of the National Competition rules by the Competitor or the Driver or the manufacturer or his authorised representative.
10.4.3 The Suspension, if international, or the Disqualification must be reported by the ASN to the FIA who will notify all other ASNs. These other ASNs must bar the Automobile in question from all Competitions governed by them during the period of the sentence.
10.4.4 If the sentence of an ASN is declared against an Automobile belonging to another ASN, such sentence is subject to appeal to the FIA, whose judgement shall be final.
ARTICLE 10.5 SUSPENSION OR DISQUALIFICATION OF AN AUTOMOBILE MAKE
10.5.1 An ASN may suspend a make of Automobile within its own territory for breach of the Code or of the National Competition rules by the manufacturer of these Automobiles or by their authorised representative.
10.5.2 If the ASN wishes this penalty to apply internationally or if it desires to disqualify the make in question, it must apply to the President of the FIA who may bring the matter before the International Tribunal.
10.5.3 If the International Tribunal judges in favour of the penalty being made to apply internationally, its decision will at once be communicated by the FIA to all ASNs, who must bar the make of Automobile from all Competitions held under their jurisdiction during the period of the penalty.
10.5.4 The decision of the International Tribunal may be appealed against by the make penalised before the International Court of Appeal through the ASN of the country to which the make belongs under the conditions laid down in the Code or by the ASN which requested that the penalty be international.
10.5.5 If the ASN of the country to which the make belongs is the ASN which has requested that the penalty which it has imposed be made international, that ASN cannot refuse to forward the appeal to the FIA.
ARTICLE 10.6 ADVERTISING ON AUTOMOBILES
10.6.1 Advertising on Automobiles is free, subject to the conditions laid down in the Code.
10.6.2 The ASNs must specify the special conditions applicable to the Competitions organised under their control.
10.6.3 The Supplementary Regulations of a Competition must mention these special conditions as well as any legal or administrative regulations in force in the country of the Competition
ARTICLE 10.7 FALSE ADVERTISING
10.7.1 Any Competitor or firm advertising the results of a Competition shall state the exact conditions of the performance referred to, the nature of the Competition, the category, class, etc. of the Automobile and the position or the result obtained.
10.7.2 Any omission or addition calculated to raise doubts in the public mind may entail the infliction of a penalty on the person responsible for publishing the advertising.
10.7.3 Any advertising regarding the results of a FIA Championship, cup, trophy, challenge or series made before the termination of the last Competition of this Championship, cup, trophy, challenge or series must include the words: “subject to the official publication of the results by the FIA”.
10.7.4 This rule also applies to a victory in a Competition of a FIA Championship, cup, trophy, challenge or series.
10.7.5 The FIA logo specific to the FIA Championship, cup, trophy, challenge or series concerned must be included in this advertising.
10.7.6 Any breach of this rule may entail a penalty imposed by the FIA on any Competitor, automobile manufacturer, Driver, ASN or company responsible for publishing the advertising.
10.7.7 Any protest or dispute as to the name to be given to an Automobile containing parts supplied by different makers will be determined by the ASN, if these makers are all established in the country of the ASN, or by the FIA if they belong to different countries.
ARTICLE 11.1 LIST OF OFFICIALS
11.1.1 The term “official” comprises the following persons, who may have assistants:
11.1.1.a the stewards;
11.1.1.b the race director;
11.1.1.c the clerk of the Course
11.1.1.d the secretary of the Event;
11.1.1.g medical officer (duties to be defined in the relevant sporting regulations);
11.1.1.h safety officer (duties to be defined in the relevant sporting regulations);
11.1.1.i track or road marshals;
11.1.1.j flag marshals;
11.1.1.k Finish Line judges;
11.1.1.l judges of fact;
11.1.1.n environmental officer (duties to be defined in the relevant sporting regulations).
11.1.2 The following officials may be appointed for FIA Championship Competitions and their duties will be defined in the relevant sporting regulations:
11.1.2.a sporting delegate;
11.1.2.b safety delegate;
11.1.2.c medical delegate;
11.1.2.d technical delegate;
11.1.2.e media delegate.
ARTICLE 11.2 RIGHT OF SUPERVISION
Apart from the officials above-listed, each ASNmay confer on duly qualified persons the right to supervise personally any of its own nationals in any Competition held in any country whatsoever and governed by the Code, as well as the right to uphold, if needed, their interests vis‐à‐vis the Organisers of Competitions.
ARTICLE 11.3 STRUCTURAL ORGANISATION OF THE OFFICIALS
11.3.1 At an International Competition there shall be a panel of at least three stewards and a clerk of the Course, and in the case of Competitions decided wholly or partly by time, one or more timekeepers.
11.3.2 The stewards officiate as a body under the authority of a chairman expressly designated in the Supplementary Regulations or any applicable regulations.
11.3.3 The chairman of the panel of the stewards is, in particular, responsible for planning the meetings and ensuring that arrangements are respected. He is also responsible for establishing agendas and drawing up the minutes of meetings.
11.3.4 In the event of a split ballot, the chairman shall have the casting vote.
11.3.5 Except where otherwise provided for, the stewards are on duty for the duration of the Competition as defined in the Code.
11.3.6 The clerk of the Course shall remain in close contact with the stewards throughout the Event in order to ensure its smooth running.
11.3.7 For a World Record Attempt, only a single steward appointed by the ASN is required. This steward performs the same role as the chairman of the panel of stewards.
11.3.8 For an Absolute World Record Attempt or an Outright World Record Attempt, a panel of three stewards will be appointed, two by the FIA. The chairman of the panel of stewards will be appointed from these two.
ARTICLE 11.4 NOMINATION OF OFFICIALS
11.4.1 Atleast one of the stewards shall be nominated by the ASN promoting the Event or granting the Organising Permit therefore.
11.4.2 The other officials shall be nominated by the Organisers, subject to the approval of the ASN concerned.
ARTICLE 11.5 CONFLICT OF INTERESTS
The stewards, race director, clerk of the Course, scrutineers and secretary of the Event must have no connection with any trade or industry which benefits in a direct or indirect way from the results of the Competition.
ARTICLE 11.6 DEMARCATION OF DUTIES
11.6.1 Officials shall not, at any Event, perform any duties other than those for which they were appointed.
11.6.2 They shall not be eligible to compete in any Competition at any Event at which they are acting as an official.
ARTICLE 11.7 REMUNERATION OF OFFICIALS
11.7.1 Except in the case of a specific decision taken by the FIA or by the ASN, the stewards shall act in an honorary capacity.
11.7.2 Other officials may be remunerated for their services in accordance with a scale drawn up by each ASN.
ARTICLE 11.8 DUTIES OF THE STEWARDS
11.8.1 The stewards will not be in any way responsible for the organisation of the Event and shall not have any executive duties in connection therewith.
11.8.2 It follows, therefore, that in the carrying out of their duties, they do not incur any responsibility except to the ASN and to the FIA under whose regulations they are acting.
11.8.3 As an exception to this, applicable only when an Event is promoted directly by an ASN, the stewards of such an Event may combine their duties with those of the Organisers.
11.8.4 Except for FIA Championship Events, the stewards shall sign and send to the ASN a closing report as soon as practicable after the close of the Event. This report will include the results of each Competition together with particulars of all protests lodged and Exclusions they may have made with their recommendations as to any decisions which may have to be taken for a Suspension or a Disqualification.
11.8.5 In an Event comprising several Competitions, there may be different stewards for each Competition.
11.8.6 In case of conflict between decisions issued by several stewards appointed for the same Event, the following hierarchy will prevail:
1) FIA Championship Competition;
2) FIAcup, trophy, challenge or series Competition;
3) International series Competition;
5) National cup, trophy, challenge or series Competition.
ARTICLE 11.9 AUTHORITY OF THE STEWARDS
11.9.1 The stewards shall have supreme authority for the enforcement of the Code, of national and Supplementary Regulations and of Official Programmes.
11.9.2 They may settle any matter which might arise during an Event, subject to the right of appeal provided for in the Code.
11.9.2.a They shall decide what penalty to enforce in the event of a breach of the regulations.
11.9.2.b They may amend the Supplementary Regulations.
11.9.2.c In the event of heats, they may alter the composition or the number of heats.
11.9.2.d In the event of dead heats, they may authorise a new Start
11.9.2.e They may accept or refuse any correction proposed by a judge of fact.
11.9.2.f They may inflict penalties or fines.
11.9.2.g They may pronounce Exclusions.
11.9.2.h They may amend the classification.
11.9.2.i They may prohibit from competing any Driver or any Automobile which they consider to be dangerous or which is reported to them by the clerk of the Course as being dangerous.
11.9.2.j They may exclude from any one Competition or for the duration of the Event any Competitor or Driver whom they consider as, or who is reported to them by the clerk of the Course or by the Organising Committee as being ineligible to take part, or whom they consider as being guilty of improper conduct or unfair practice.
11.9.2.k They may order the removal from the Course and its precincts of any Competitor or Driver who refuses to obey the order of a responsible official.
11.9.2.l They may postpone a Competition in the event of Force Majeure or for serious safety reasons.
11.9.2.m They may modify the Official Programme as to the position of the Starting and Finish Lines, or in any other manner, if requested to do so by the clerk of the Course or the Organiser in the interests of Competitor and public safety.
11.9.2.n In the event of the absence of one or several of the stewards, they may appoint one, or, if necessary, several substitutes, especially when the presence of three stewards is indispensable.
11.9.2.o They may take the decision to stop a race.
11.9.2.p They shall declare the classifications and results to be final.
11.9.2.q They may order technical checks to be carried out.
11.9.2.r For those Championships, cups, trophies, challenges and series in which a race director officiates, matters may be submitted to them by the race director so that they may impose the sanctions listed above.
11.9.2.s In cases where a decision must be taken after an Event, for whatsoever reason, the stewards may delegate their authority to a subsequent panel of stewards for the same Championship, cup, trophy, challenge or series or alternatively to a panel of Stewards assembled for this purpose and which shall be selected by the authority responsible for the selection of the original panel. Where a national steward is part of the panel of stewards, the ASN which appointed the original steward may provide a steward to the subsequent Event, or may delegate their authority to the national steward of the subsequent panel.
ARTICLE 11.10 DUTIES OF THE RACE DIRECTOR (APPLICABLE FOR CIRCUIT RACES ONLY)
11.10.1 A race director may be designated for the entire duration of each Championship, cup, trophy, challenge or series.
11.10.2 The clerk of the Course shall work in permanent consultation with the race director.
11.10.3 The race director shall have overriding authority in the following matters and the clerk of the Course may give orders in respect thereof only with his express agreement:
11.10.3.a The control of practice and the race, adherence to the timetable and, if he deems it necessary, the making of any proposal to the stewards to modify the timetable in accordance with the Code or sporting regulations;
11.10.3.b The stopping of any Automobile in accordance with the Code or sporting regulations;
11.10.3.c The stopping of practice or suspension of the race in accordance with the sporting regulations if he deems it unsafe to continue and ensuring that the correct restart procedure is carried out;
11.10.3.d The starting procedure;
11.10.3.e The use of the safety car.
11.10.4 If it is necessary for his duties and responsibilities to differ from the above, these duties will be set out in the relevant sporting regulations.
ARTICLE 11.11 DUTIES OF THE CLERK OF THE COURSE
11.11.1 The clerk of the Course may also be the secretary of the Event and may have various assistants.
11.11.2 In the case of an Event comprising several Competitions, there may be a different clerk of the Course for each Competition.
11.11.3 The clerk of the Course is responsible for conducting the Event in accordance with the applicable regulations.
11.11.4 In particular he shall, where appropriate and in conjunction with the race director:
11.11.4.a generally keep order, in conjunction with such military and police authorities as have undertaken to police an Event and who are more immediately responsible for public safety;
11.11.4.b ensure that all officials are at their posts
11.11.4.c ensure that all officials are provided with the necessary information to enable them to carry out their duties;
11.11.4.d control Competitors and their Automobiles and prevent any excluded, suspended or disqualified Competitor or Driver from taking part in a Competition for which they are not eligible;
11.11.4.e ensure that each Automobile, and if necessary, each Competitor, carries the proper identification numbers in accordance with those in the Official Programme;
11.11.4.f ensure that each Automobile is driven by the proper Driver, marshal the Automobiles in such categories and classes as are required;
11.11.4.g bring the Automobiles up to the Starting Linein the right order and, if necessary, give the Start;
11.11.4.h convey to the stewards any proposal to modify the Official Programme or regarding the improper conduct of or breach of rule by a Competitor;
11.11.4.i receive possible protests and transmit them immediately to the stewards, who shall take the necessary action thereon;
11.11.4.j collect the reports of the timekeepers, scrutineers, track or road marshals, together with such other official information as may be necessary for the determination of the
11.11.4.k prepare, or ask the secretary of the Event to prepare the data for the stewards’ closing report regarding the Competition(s) for which they were responsible;
11.11.4.l within the context of International Competitions, supervise access to the Reserved Areas to make sure that no person who, as determined by the FIA, does not respect the Code of good standing has access to these Reserved Areas.
ARTICLE 11.12 DUTIES OF THE SECRETARY OF THE EVENT
11.12.1 The secretary of the Event shall be responsible for the organisation of the Event and all announcements required in connection therewith and is entrusted with all checking of all documents relating to Competitors and Drivers.
11.12.2 He shall ensure that the various officials are familiar with their duties and provided with the necessary equipment.
11.12.3 If necessary, he shall second the clerk of the Course in the preparation of the closing report for each Competition.
ARTICLE 11.13 DUTIES OF TIMEKEEPERS
The principal duties of timekeepers shall be:
11.13.1at the beginning of the Event, to report to the clerk of the Course, who will give them the necessary instructions;
11.13.2 to start the Competition, whenever instructed to do so by the clerk of the Course;
11.13.3 to use for timing only such apparatus as is approved by the ASN, or, if for the purpose of Records it is necessary to take times accurate to within 1/1000th of a second, approved by the FIA;
11.13.4 to declare the time taken by each Competitor to complete the Course;
11.13.5 to prepare and sign according to their individual responsibility their reports and to send them, accompanied by all necessary documents, to the clerk of the Course;
11.13.6 to send, on request, their original time sheets either to the stewards or to the ASN;
11.13.7 not to communicate any times or results except to the stewards and the clerk of the Course except when otherwise instructed by the officials.
ARTICLE 11.14 DUTIES OF SCRUTINEERS
11.14.1 Scrutineers are entrusted with all checking of Automobiles and may delegate their duties to assistants.
11.14.2 They shall:
11.14.2.a carry out these checks either before the Event if requested by the ASN or the Organising Committee or during or after the Event if requested by the clerk of the Course and/or the stewards;
11.14.2.b use such checking instruments as may be specified or approved by the ASN;
11.14.2.c not communicate any official information to any person except to the ASN, the Organising Committee, the stewards and the clerk of the Course;
11.14.2.d prepare and sign, under their own responsibility, their reports and hand them to the authority among those mentioned above which instructed them to draw them up.
ARTICLE 11.15 DUTIES OF TRACK OR ROAD MARSHALS AND FLAG MARSHALS
11.15.1 The track or road marshals shall occupy, along the Course, posts assigned to them by the Organising Committee.
11.15.2 As soon as an Event begins, each track or road marshal is under the orders of the clerk of the Course, to whom they shall immediately report by any means at their disposal (telephone, signals, courier, etc.) all incidents or accidents which might occur along the section for which they are responsible.
11.15.3 Flag marshals are specifically entrusted with flag signalling (see Appendix H). They may also be track or road marshals.
11.15.4 Track or road marshals must give the clerk of the Course a report on the incidents or accidents recorded by them.
ARTICLE 11.16 DUTIES OF JUDGES OF FACT
11.16.1 Start Linejudges
11.16.1.a One or several judges of fact may be appointed by the Organising Committee to supervise the Starts.
11.16.1.b Start Line judges shall immediately indicate to the clerk of the Course any false Starts which may have occurred.
11.16.2 Finish Line judge
In a Competition where a decision has to be given as to the order in which Competitors cross a Finish Line, a Finish Line judge shall be nominated to give such a decision.
11.16.3 Other judges
In a Competition in which a decision has to be made as to whether or not a Competitor has touched or crossed a given line, or as to any other fact laid down in the Supplementary Regulations or in any applicable regulations for the Competition, one or several judges of fact shall be approved by the stewards, upon proposal of the Organiser, to be responsible for one or several of these decisions.
11.16.4 Assistant judges
Each of the above judges may have an assistant judge appointed to assist them, or in the case of absolute necessity to replace them, but in the event of disagreement, the final decision shall be given by the judges of fact themselves.
11.16.5 Video or electronic systems
11.16.5.a The stewards may use any video or electronic systems to assist them in reaching a decision.
11.16.5.b The stewards may overrule judges of fact.
If any judge considers that they have made a mistake they may correct it, subject to this correction being accepted by the stewards.
11.16.7 Facts to be judged
The applicable regulations for the Competition must indicate which facts are to be judged by the judges of fact.
11.16.8 The judges of fact must be named and their names displayed on the official notice board.
ARTICLE 12.1 BREACH OF RULES
12.1.1 Any of the following offences, in addition to any offences specifically referred to previously, shall be deemed to be a breach of these rules:
12.1.1.a All bribery or attempt, directly or indirectly, to bribe any person having official duties in relation to a Competition or being employed in any manner in connection with a Competition and the acceptance of, or offer to accept, any bribe by such an official or employee.
12.1.1.b Any action having as its object the entry or participation in a Competition of an Automobile known to be ineligible therefore.
12.1.1.c Any fraudulent conduct or any act prejudicial to the interests of any Competition or to the interests of motor sport generally.
12.1.1.d Any pursuit of an objective contrary or opposed to those of the FIA.
12.1.1.e Any refusal or failure to apply decisions of the FIA.
12.1.1.f Any words, deeds or writings that have caused moral injury or loss to the FIA, its bodies, its members or its executive officers.
12.1.1.g Any failure to cooperate in an investigation.
12.1.1.h Any unsafe act or failure to take reasonable measures, thus resulting in an unsafe situation.
12.1.1.i Failure to follow the instructions of the relevant officials for the safe and orderly conduct of the Event.
12.1.1.j Failure to follow the FIA Code of driving conduct on Circuits (Appendix L).
12.1.2 Unless stated otherwise, offences or infringements are punishable, whether they were committed intentionally or through negligence.
12.1.3 Attempts to commit offences or infringements are also punishable.
12.1.4 Any natural or legal person who takes part in an offence or infringement, whether as instigator or as accomplice, is also punishable.
12.1.5 The statutory limitation on the prosecution of infringements is five years.
12.1.5.a Prescription runs:
12.1.5.a.i from the day on which the person committed the offence or infringement;
12.1.5.a.ii from the day of the last act, in the case of successive or repeated offences or infringements;
12.1.5.a.iii from the day it stopped, if the offence or infringement is continuous.
12.1.5.b However, in all cases where the offence or infringement has been concealed from the stewards or from the FIA’s prosecuting body, prescription runs from the day on which the facts of the offence or infringement became known to the stewards or the FIA’s prosecuting body.
12.1.5.c Prescription is interrupted by any act of prosecution or investigation carried out under Chapter 1 of the FIA Judicial and Disciplinary Rules.
ARTICLE 12.2 PENALTIES
12.2.1 Any breach of the Code, of the national rules or their appendices, or of any Supplementary Regulations committed by any Organiser, official, Competitor, Driver, Participant, other licence‐holder, or other person or organisation may be penalised or fined.
12.2.2 Penalties or fines may be inflicted by the stewards and ASNs as indicated in the following Articles.
12.2.3 The decision of the stewards becomes immediately binding notwithstanding an appeal if it concerns questions of safety, good standing or irregularity of entry by a Competitor entering a Competition or when, in the course of the same Competition, a further breach is committed justifying the Exclusion of the same Competitor.
12.2.3.a The decision of the stewards must mention the existence or non‐existence of cases as mentioned above that justify the decision being enforceable notwithstanding the appeal.
12.2.3.b Nevertheless, as a safeguard, if a Competitor appeals, excluding the cases cited above, the penalty will be suspended, in particular to determine the application of any Handicap rule having an influence on participation in a later Competition.
12.2.3.c The suspensive effect resulting from the appeal does not allow the Competitor and the Driver to take part in the prize‐giving or the podium ceremony, nor to appear in the official classification of the Competition, in any place other than that resulting from the application of the penalty. The rights of the Competitor and of the Driver will be reestablished if they win their appeal before the appeal courts, unless this is not possible due to the passage of time.
12.2.4 Penalties of driving through or stopping in pit lanes, together with certain penalties specified in FIA Championship regulations where this is expressly stated, are not susceptible to appeal.
12.2.5 In matters relating to the fight against doping, the sanctions mentioned in the anti‐doping regulations set out in Appendix A fall within the competence of the FIA Anti‐Doping Disciplinary Committee.
12.2.6 As well as this and independently of the prescriptions of the following Articles, the prosecuting body of the FIA may upon the proposal and report of the FIA observer, upon the joint report of the two international stewards designated by the FIA, or on its own initiative in pursuance of the FIA Judicial and Disciplinary Rules, bring a matter before the International Tribunal to have it directly inflict one or more penalties which will take the place of any penalty which the stewards may have pronounced on any one of the abovementioned parties.
12.2.6.a The procedure followed before the International Tribunal is described in the FIA Judicial and Disciplinary Rules.
12.2.6.b If the International Tribunal imposes a sanction, an appeal is possible before the International Court of Appeal and the ASN concerned cannot refuse to bring it on behalf of the party concerned.
ARTICLE 12.3 SCALE OF PENALTIES
12.3.1 Penalties may be inflicted as follows:
12.3.1.a reprimand (blame);
12.3.1.c obligation to accomplish some work of public interest;
12.3.1.d deletion of a Driver’s qualifying lap(s);
12.3.1.e drop of grid positions;
12.3.1.f obligation for a Driver to start a race from the pit lane;
12.3.1.g time penalty or penalty lap;
12.3.1.h drop of places in the classification of the Competition;
12.3.1.i drive-through penalty;
12.3.1.j stop and go;
12.3.2 Time penalty means a penalty expressed in minutes and/or seconds.
12.3.3 Penalties may be applied at subsequent Competitions of the same Championship, cup, trophy, challenge or series.
12.3.4 Any one of the above penalties can only be inflicted after an enquiry has been held and, in case of one of the last three, the concerned party must be summoned to give them the opportunity of presenting their defence.
12.3.5 For all the FIA Championships, cups, challenges, trophies or series, the stewards may also decide the following penalties applicable to the Competitors or to the Drivers: Suspension for one or more Competitions, fine, withdrawal of points over the whole of the Championship, cup, challenge, trophy, series.
12.3.5.a Points should not be deducted separately from Drivers and Competitors, save in exceptional circumstances.
12.3.5.b These penalties may, where applicable, be cumulated or applied with suspension of sentence.
12.3.6 The International Tribunal may also directly impose bans on taking part or exercising a role, directly or indirectly, in Competitions, Events or Championships organised directly or indirectly on behalf of or by the FIA, or subject to the regulations and decisions of the FIA.
ARTICLE 12.4 FINES
12.4.1 A fine may be inflicted on any Competitor and also on any Driver, assistant or passenger who does not comply with the requirements of any regulations or with any instruction of the officials of the Event.
12.4.2 The infliction of a fine may be ordered by an ASNor by the stewards.
12.4.3 When these fines are inflicted by the stewards, they may not exceed a certain sum, which will be set each year by the FIA.
ARTICLE 12.5 MAXIMUM FINE GIVEN BY THE STEWARDS
Until further notice, published here or in the FIA Official Motor Sport Bulletin, the maximum fine that shall be inflicted is 250,000 euros (two hundred and fifty thousand euros).
ARTICLE 12.6 LIABILITY TO PAY FINES
A Competitorshall be responsible for the payment of any fine inflicted on their Drivers, assistants, passengers, etc.
ARTICLE 12.7 TIME LIMIT FOR PAYMENT OF FINES
12.7.1 Fines shall be paid within forty-eight hours of their notification by means of any mode of payment, electronic included.
12.7.2 Any delay in making payment may entail Suspension during the period a fine remains unpaid.
12.7.3 The proceeds from fines will be used for the promotion and the organisation of Championship Competitions. This same text will be applied for national fines.
12.7.4 Fines inflicted during an FIA Championship, cup, challenge, trophy or series Competition must be paid to the FIA.
ARTICLE 12.8 EXCLUSION
12.8.1 A sentence of Exclusion may be pronounced by the stewards.
12.8.2 Exclusionfrom an entire Competition entails the loss of the Entry fee, which shall accrue to the Organisers.
ARTICLE 12.9 SUSPENSION
12.9.1 In addition to that provided for in the Code and in the FIA Judicial and Disciplinary Rules, a sentence of Suspension may also be pronounced by an ASN, and shall be reserved for grave offences.
12.9.2 A sentence of Suspension, for as long as it remains in force, shall entail the loss of any right to take part in any capacity whatsoever in any Competition held within the territory of the ASN which has pronounced such sentence or within the territories of any country in which the authority of the FIA is recognised, according to whether such Suspension is national or international.
12.9.3 Suspensionshall also render null and void any previous Entry made for any Competition which may take place during the term of such Suspension and shall also entail the forfeiture of the fee payable for any such Entry.
ARTICLE 12.10 PROVISIONAL SUSPENSION
12.10.1 If the protection of the participants in a Competition organised under the aegis of the FIA so requires, for reasons of public order or in the interest of motor sport, the International Tribunal may, at the request of the FIA President, provisionally suspend in particular any authorisation, Licence or approval issued by the FIA, within the framework of a race, Competition or other event organised by the FIA. This measure cannot exceed a period of three months, renewable once.
12.10.2 Any provisional Suspension must be pronounced in accordance with the FIA Judicial and Disciplinary Rules.
12.10.3 The person who has had his authorisation, Licence or approval provisionally suspended must abstain from any act that is liable to circumvent the measure of Suspension.
ARTICLE 12.11 WITHDRAWAL OF LICENCE
12.11.1 National Suspension
12.11.1.a Any Competitor or Driver who is suspended nationally shall hand back their Licence to their ASN, which will clearly mark thereon, by means of a heavy stamp, the words “Not valid for… (name of country)”.
12.11.1.b Upon expiry of the period of national Suspension, the marked Licence will be exchanged for a clean Licence.
12.11.2 International Suspension
Any Competitor or Driver who is suspended internationally shall hand back their Licence to their ASN which shall not return it to them until the period of international Suspension has expired.
12.11.3 In both the above cases, any delay in handing back the Licence to the ASN shall be added to the term of Suspension.
ARTICLE 12.12EFFECTS OF SUSPENSION
12.12.1 A sentence of Suspension pronounced by an ASN shall apply only within the territory of that ASN.
12.12.2 If, however, the ASN wishes the sentence of Suspension to be recognised internationally, it shall notify its wish without delay to the Secretariat of the FIA and the latter will inform all other ASNs. The sentence of Suspension shall be noted by each ASN immediately, and the consequent restriction will thereby come into force.
12.12.3 The recognition of this Suspension by all ASNs will be posted on the website www.fia.com and/or in the FIA Official Motor Sport Bulletin.
ARTICLE 12.13 DISQUALIFICATION
12.13.1 Except in the cases provided for in the FIA Judicial and Disciplinary Rules, a sentence of Disqualification can be pronounced only by an ASN, and will be reserved for offences of exceptional gravity.
12.13.2 A sentence of Disqualification shall always be international in nature. It shall be notified to all the ASNs, and be registered by them according to the conditions of international Suspension.
ARTICLE 12.14 NOTIFICATIONS OF PENALTIES TO INTERNATIONAL SPORTING FEDERATIONS
12.14.1 A Suspension, when applicable internationally, and a Disqualification will be communicated to those International Federations designated by the FIA which have agreed to apply, on a reciprocal basis, the penalties inflicted by the FIA.
12.14.2 Any Suspension or Disqualification made known to the FIA by these Federations will be enforced to the same extent by the FIA.
ARTICLE 12.15 STATEMENT OF REASONS FOR SUSPENSION OR DISQUALIFICATION
In notifying sentences of Suspension or Disqualificationto the person upon whom sentence is passed and to the Secretariat of the FIA, it shall be necessary for an ASN to give its reasons for inflicting such penalty.
ARTICLE 12.16 SUSPENSION OR DISQUALIFICATION OF AN AUTOMOBILE
A sentence of Suspension or Disqualification may be pronounced on either a particular Automobile or on a make of Automobile.
ARTICLE 12.17 LOSS OF AWARDS
Any Competitor excluded, suspended or disqualified during a Competition will lose the right to obtain any of the awards assigned to the said Competition.
ARTICLE 12.18 AMENDMENT TO THE CLASSIFICATION AND AWARDS
In case of Exclusion, Suspension or Disqualification of a Competitor during a Competition, the stewards shall declare the resulting amendment in the placings and awards, and they shall decide whether the next Competitor should be moved up in the classification.
ARTICLE 12.19 PUBLICATION OF PENALTIES
12.19.1 The FIA or any ASN concerned shall have the right to publish or to have published a declaration stating that it has penalised any person, Automobile, or make of Automobile.
12.19.2 Without prejudice to any right to appeal any decision persons referred to in such declaration shall have no right of legal action against the FIA, or the ASN, or against any person publishing the said declaration.
ARTICLE 12.20 REMISSION OF SENTENCE
An ASNshall have the right to remit the unexpired period of a sentence of Suspension or to lift a Disqualification under the conditions which it may determine and provided that such penalty has been originally imposed by this ASN.
ARTICLE 13.1 RIGHT TO PROTEST
13.1.1 The right to protest lies only with a Competitor; nevertheless, an official acting in his official capacity may, even in the absence of a protest, take such official action as the case warrants.
13.1.2 Several Competitorscannot lodge a joint protest.
13.1.3 A Competitor wishing to protest against more than one fellow Competitor must lodge as many protests as there are Competitors involved in the action concerned.
ARTICLE 13.2 LODGING OF PROTEST
13.2.1 Any protest shall be in writing and accompanied by a deposit, the amount of which shall be set annually by the ASN (or by the FIA for its Championships, cups, trophies, challenges or series).
13.2.2 This deposit may only be returned if the protest is upheld.
ARTICLE 13.3 TO WHOM ADDRESSED
13.3.1 Protests arising out of a Competition shall be addressed to the clerk of the Course or their assistant if such exists.
13.3.2 In the absence of the clerk of the Course or of their assistant, such protests should be addressed to the chairman of the stewards.
ARTICLE 13.4 PROTEST TIME LIMIT
13.4.1 A protest against the Entry of a Competitor or Driver, or against the length of the Course must be lodged, at the latest, two hours after the closing time for the official scrutineering of the Automobiles.
13.4.2 Should scrutineering take place in another country than that of the Organiser, any official from the ASN of this other country is entitled to accept the protest and forward it as soon as possible to the stewards, together with their justified opinion if they deem it necessary.
13.4.3 Protests against a Handicap or make up of a heat must be lodged at the latest one hour before the start of the Competition or as specified in the applicable sporting regulations or Supplementary Regulations.
13.4.4 Protests against any error or irregularity occurring during a Competition, referring to the non‐compliance of Automobiles with the regulations or concerning the classification established at the end of the Competition shall, except in circumstances which the stewards consider as physically impossible, be made no later than thirty minutes after the publication of the results.
13.4.5 Competitors shall be advised in advance of the place and time of such a publication either by the applicable sporting regulations or the Supplementary Regulations.
13.4.6 Should it be impossible for the Organisers to publish the official results as stated, they shall issue, at the time and place fixed, accurate details concerning the measures they intend to take regarding the classification.
13.4.7 The stewards shall treat all protests referred to above as urgent and the stewards shall determine who will be heard.
13.5.1 The hearing of the protester and of all parties concerned by the protest shall take place as soon as possible after the protest has been lodged.
13.5.2 The concerned parties shall be summoned to appear at the hearing, and may be accompanied by witnesses.
13.5.3 The stewards must ensure that the summons has been personally received by all persons concerned.
13.5.4 In the absence of any concerned party or of their witnesses, judgement may be made by default.
13.5.5 If judgement cannot be given immediately after the hearing of the parties concerned, they must be advised of the place and time at which the decision will be given.
ARTICLE 13.6 INADMISSIBLE PROTEST
13.6.1 Protests against decisions made by any judges of fact in the exercise of their duties will not be admitted.
13.6.2 The decisions of these judges are final unless such decision is overruled by the stewards, but they shall not in themselves constitute the classification, because they have taken no account of the conditions under which the Competitors have completed the Course.
13.6.3 A single protest against more than one Competitorwill not be accepted.
13.6.4 A protest lodged jointly by several Competitorswill not be accepted.
ARTICLE 13.7 PUBLICATION OF THE AWARDS AND PRIZEGIVING
13.7.1 A prize won by a Competitor against whom a protest has been lodged must be withheld until a decision has been reached on the subject of the protest.
13.7.2 Moreover, in the event of any protest being lodged whose outcome might modify the classification of the Competition, the Organisers shall only publish a provisional classification and shall withhold all prizes until a final decision concerning the protest (including appeals) has been reached
13.7.3 However,in the case of a protest affectingonly part of the classification, such part as is not affected by the protest may be published definitively, and the corresponding prizes distributed.
ARTICLE 13.8 JUDGEMENT
All parties concerned shall be bound by the decision reached, subject to the conditions of appeal laid down in the Code, but neither the stewards nor the ASN shall have the right to order that a Competition be re‐run.
ARTICLE 13.9PROTEST WITHOUT FOUNDATION
13.9.1 If the protest is rejected or if it is withdrawn after being brought, no part of the deposit shall be returned.
13.9.2 If judged partially founded, the deposit may be returned in part, and in its entirety if the protest is upheld.
13.9.3 Moreover, if it is proved that the author of the protest has acted in bad faith, the ASN may inflict upon them one of the penalties laid down in the Code.
ARTICLE 13.10 RIGHT OF REVIEW
13.10.1 If, in Competitions forming part of an FIA Championship, cup, trophy, challenge or series, a new element is discovered, whether or not the stewards have already given a ruling, these stewards or, failing this, those designated by the FIA, must meet on a date agreed amongst themselves, summoning the party or parties concerned to hear any relevant explanations and to judge in the light of the facts and elements brought before them.
13.10.2 The stewards shall have the sole discretion to determine if a new element exists.
13.10.3 The period during which an appeal in review may be brought expires four working days prior to the date of the FIA prize-giving ceremony of the year during which the decision that is liable to review has been handed down, if that decision is likely to have an effect on the result of a Championship, cup, trophy, challenge or series.
13.10.4 The right of appeal against this new decision is confined to the party or parties concerned in accordance with the following Articles of the Code.
13.10.5 Should the first decision already have been the subject of an appeal before the national court of appeal or before the International Court of Appeal, or successively before both of these courts, the case shall be lawfully submitted to them for the possible revision of their previous decision.
13.10.6 The International Court of Appeal may take up the review of a case that it has judged, either on its own initiative or upon an appeal in review brought by the FIA President or by one of the parties concerned and/or directly affected by its former decision.
ARTICLE 14.1 JURISDICTION
14.1.1 Each ASN, through its national court of appeal, constitutes for its own licence‐holders the final court of judgement empowered to settle any dispute which may have arisen between its sole licence‐holders on its own territory in connection with national motor sport.
14.1.2 For any dispute involving either a foreign licenceholder or one of the persons mentioned in Article 12.2.1, of foreign nationality, the national court of appeal constitutes a court whose decisions may be appealed against before the International Court of Appeal.
14.1.3 The competent sporting tribunal for an appeal formulated within the framework of a Competition that is run over the territory of several countries shall be that of the ASN that requested the registration of the Competition on the International Sporting Calendar, save the right to appeal the decision directly before the International Court of Appeal in accordance with the FIA Judicial and Disciplinary Rules.
14.1.4 The competent sporting tribunal for an appeal formulated within the framework of a Competition that is part of an international series shall be that of the ASN that requested approval of the series, save the right to appeal the decision directly before the International Court of Appeal in accordance with the FIA Judicial and Disciplinary Rules.
14.1.5 Appeals may be submitted to the International Court of Appeal in accordance with the rules on competence and procedure set out in the FIA Judicial and Disciplinary Rules.
14.1.6 Appeals against the decisions of the FIA Anti‐Doping Disciplinary Committee may be filed only with the Court of Arbitration for Sport.
ARTICLE 14.2 NATIONAL COURT OF APPEAL
14.2.1 Each ASN shall nominate a certain number of persons who may or may not be members of the ASN concerned, who will constitute the national court of appeal.
14.2.2 No members of this court of appeal may sit on a case if they have been involved in any way as Competitors, Drivers or officials in the Competition under consideration, or if they have participated in any earlier decision concerning or have been involved, directly or indirectly, in the matter under consideration.
ARTICLE 14.3 NATIONAL APPEAL PROCEDURE
14.3.1 Competitors, whatever their nationality, shall have the right to appeal against a sentence or other decision pronounced on them by the stewards before the ASN of the country in which that decision has been given.
14.3.2 They must, however, under pain of forfeiture of their right to appeal, notify the stewards in writing of their intention to appeal within one hour of the publication of the decision.
14.3.3 The right to bring an appeal to an ASN expires 96 hours from the moment the stewards are notified of the intention to appeal on condition that the intention of appealing has been notified in writing to the stewards within one hour of the publication of the decision.
14.3.4 This appeal may be brought by any electronic means of communication with confirmation of receipt. Confirmation by a letter of the same date is required.
14.3.5 The ASN must give its decision within a maximum of 30 days.
14.3.6 All parties concerned shall be given adequate notice of the hearing of any appeal. They shall be entitled to call witnesses, but their failure to attend the hearing shall not interrupt the course of the proceedings.
ARTICLE 14.4FORM OF NATIONAL APPEAL
14.4.1 Any notice of appeal before an ASN shall be in writing and signed by the appellant or by their authorised agent.
14.4.2 An appeal deposit, the amount of which is specified annually by the ASN, becomes due from the moment the appellant notifies the stewards of the intention of appealing and remains payable even if the appellant does not follow up the declared intention to appeal.
14.4.3 This deposit must be paid within 96 hours counting from the moment the stewards are notified of the intention to appeal. Failing this, the appellant’s Licence will automatically be suspended until payment has been made.
14.4.4 If the appeal is rejected or if it is withdrawn after being brought, no part of the appeal deposit shall be returned.
14.4.5 If judged partially founded, the deposit may be returned in part, and in its entirety if the appeal is upheld.
14.4.6 Moreover, if it is proved that the author of the appeal has acted in bad faith, the ASN may inflict upon them one of the penalties laid down in the Code.
ARTICLE 14.5 JUDGEMENT
14.6.1 In giving a decision on the appeals brought before them, the national court of appeal shall decide, according to the decision, to award the costs, which shall be calculated by the secretariats to the level of the expenses occasioned by the preparation of the case and the meeting of the courts.
14.6.2 The costs shall be constituted by these expenses alone, to the exclusion of the expenses or defence fees incurred by the parties.
ARTICLE 14.7 PUBLICATION OF JUDGEMENT
14.7.1 The FIA, or any ASN, shall have the right to publish or have published the outcome of an appeal and to state the names of all the parties involved.
14.7.2 Without prejudice to any right of appeal, the persons referred to in such notices shall have no right of action against the FIA or the ASN concerned or against any person publishing the said notice.
For the avoidance of doubt, nothing in the Codeshall prevent any party from pursuing any right of action which it may have before any court or tribunal, subject always to any obligations it may have accepted elsewhere to first pursue other remedies or alternative dispute resolution mechanisms.
Except where otherwise specified, the figures of the Competition numbers shall be black on a white rectangular background. For light‐coloured Automobiles, there will be a black line of 5 cm wide around the white rectangular background.
Except where otherwise specified, the figures shall be of the classic type as shown below: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
Except where otherwise specified, on each Automobile, the Competition numbers shall be affixed in the following locations:
15.3.1 On the front doors or level with the cockpit on both sides of the Automobile.
15.3.2 On the nose or bonnet of the car, legible from the front.
15.3.3 For single-seater
15.3.3.a The minimum height of the figures shall be 23 cm with a stroke of 4 cm wide.
15.3.3.b The white background shall be at least 45 cm wide and 33 cm high.
15.3.4 For all other Automobiles
15.3.4.a The minimum height of the figures shall be 28 cm with a stroke of 5 cm wide.
15.3.4.b The white background shall be at least 50 cm wide and 38 cm high
15.3.5 At no point may the distance between the edge of the figures and the edge of the background be less than 5 cm.
15.4.1 On both front wings an illustration of the national flag(s) of the Driver(s) as well as the name(s) of the latter shall be displayed.
15.4.2 Minimum height of both flag(s) and name(s) shall be 4 cm.
15.5.1 Above or below the white background, an area 12 cm in height and equal in width to the background shall be left at the disposal of the Organisers, who may use it for advertising purposes.
15.5.2 On Automobiles on which such an area is not available (some single‐seater for example), the Competitor shall keep free of any advertising an equivalent surface in the immediate vicinity of the white background.
15.5.3 Except when the ASN decides to the contrary, advertising on the remaining parts of the bodywork is free.
Neither the Competition number nor the advertising must protrude beyond the bodywork.
Windscreensand windows shall bear no advertising, with the exception of a maximum 10 cm high strip on the upper part of the windscreen, and, provided that this does not interfere with the visibility of the Driver, a maximum 8 cm high strip on the rear window.
The rules relating to advertising and the Competition numbers that may appear on historic Automobiles are defined in Appendix K.
ARTICLE 16.1 BANNING THE PLACING OF BETS
No person holding a Licence, a Super Licence or a Certificate of registration for the staff of Competitors entered in the FIA World Championships, and no staff member of the Organiser of a Competition registered on the International Sporting Calendar or on the national calendar of an ASN may, either directly or through an intermediary, place bets or gamble on a passage of play or a Competition, if they are involved in that Competition, in particular through taking part in or being connected in any way with it.
ARTICLE 16.2 BANNING CORRUPTION
No person holding a Licence, a Super Licence or a Certificate of registration for the staff of Competitors entered in the FIA World Championships, and no staff member of the Organiser of a Competition registered on the International Sporting Calendar or on the national calendar of an ASN may:
16.2.1 offer or attempt to offer money or an advantage of any kind to influence significantly the results of a passage of play or of a Competition, or to influence the sporting performance of the Participants;
16.2.2 accept money or any kind of advantage to influence significantly the results of a passage of play or of a Competition, or to influence their own sporting performance or that of the other Participants.
ARTICLE 16.3 DIVULGING INFORMATION
No person holding a Licence, a Super Licence or a Certificate of registration for the staff of Competitors entered in the FIA World Championships, and no staff member of the Organiser of a Competition registered on the International Sporting Calendar or on the national calendar of an ASN may:
16.3.1 offer or attempt to offer money or an advantage of any kind to obtain privileged information on a Competition with a view to realising or to allowing the realisation of a betting operation on the said Competition before the public is aware of this information;
16.3.2 communicate to a third party privileged information on a Competition, obtained in the exercise of their profession or their duties, with a view to realising or to allowing the realisation of a betting operation on the said Competition before the public is aware of this information.
Without previous written agreement from the FIA, no Organiser or group of Organisers whose Competition(s) is(are) part of an FIA Championship, cup, trophy, challenge or series may indicate or induce the belief that the said Championship, cup, trophy, challenge or series is subsidised or financially supported, either directly or indirectly, by a commercial company or organisation.
The right to associate the name of a commercial company, organisation or brand with an FIA Championship, cup, trophy, challenge or series is, therefore, exclusively reserved for the FIA.
ARTICLE 18.1 PUBLICATION OF THE CALENDAR OF THE FIA CHAMPIONSHIPS, CUPS, TROPHIES, CHALLENGES OR SERIES
18.1.1 The list of the FIA Championships, cups, trophies, challenges or series and the Competitions comprising them is published each year no later than 15 October.
18.1.2 Any Competition withdrawn from the calendar once it has been published will lose its international status for the year in question.
ARTICLE 18.2 AMENDMENTS TO REGULATIONS
The FIA may make such changes as it deems necessary to the regulations. Such changes will be published and will come into effect in accordance with the following provisions.
Changes that the FIA makes to the regulations for safety reasons may come into effect without notice or delay.
18.2.2 Technical design of the Automobile
Changes to technical regulations, to Appendix J or to Appendix K adopted by the FIA, will be published no later than 30 June each year and come into effect no earlier than 1 January of the year following their publication, unless the FIA considers that the changes in question are likely to have a substantial impact on the technical design of the Automobile and/or the balance of performance between the Automobiles, in which case they will come into effect no earlier than 1 January of the second year following their
18.2.3 Sporting rules and other regulations
18.2.3.a Changes to sporting rules and to all regulations other than those referred to above are published at least 20 days prior to the opening date for Entry applications for the Championship, cup, trophy, challenge or series concerned, but never later than 15 December each year.
18.2.3.b Such changes cannot come into effect before 1 January of the year following their publication, unless the FIA considers that the changes in question are likely to have a substantial impact on the technical design of the Automobile and/or the balance of performance between the Automobiles, in which case they will come into effect no earlier than 1 January of the second year following their publication.
18.2.4 Shorter notice periods than those mentioned above may be applied, provided that the unanimous agreement of all Competitors properly entered for the Championship, cup, trophy, challenge or series concerned is obtained.
Publication of the calendar of the FIA Championships, cups, trophies, challenges or series and of the amendments to the above‐mentioned regulations becomes official and effective as soon as they are posted on the Internet site www.fia.com and/or published in the FIA Official Motor Sport Bulletin.
ARTICLE 19.1 NATIONAL INTERPRETATION OF RULES
Each ASN shall be empowered to decide any matter raised within its territory and concerning the interpretation of the Code or its national rules subject to the conditions of international appeal, provided that these interpretations do not contradict an interpretation or clarification already given by the FIA.
ARTICLE 19.2 ALTERATIONS TO THE CODE
The FIAreserves the right to alter the Code at any time and to periodically revise the Appendices.
ARTICLE 19.3 NOTICES
Any communications required under the Code to be made by an ASN to the FIA shall be addressed to the headquarters of the FIA or to such other address as may be duly notified from time to time.
ARTICLE 19.4 INTERNATIONAL INTERPRETATION OF THE CODE
19.4.1 The Code has been drafted in French and English. It may be published in other languages.
19.4.2 In the event of a dispute concerning its interpretation by the FIA or by the International Court of Appeal, the French text alone shall be considered as the official text.
The following definitions shall be adopted in the Code, in all national rules and their appendices, in all Supplementary Regulations and for general use.
Absolute World Record: Record recognised by the FIA as the best performance achieved for a recognized distance or time by an Automobile irrespective of category, of class or of group.
Appendix: Appendix to the Code.
ASN: Club, association or federation recognised by the FIA as sole holder of sporting power in a country.
Automobile: Vehicle running in constant contact with the ground (or ice) on at least four non‐aligned wheels, of which at least two are used for steering and at least two for propulsion; the propulsion and steering of which are constantly and entirely controlled by a Driver on board the vehicle (other terms including but not limited to car, truck, and kart may be used interchangeably with Automobile, as appropriate within types of competition).
Baja Cross‐Country Rally: Cross-Country Rally which must be run over one day (maximum distance to be covered: 600 km) or two days (maximum distance to be covered: 1000 km), with a rest halt of a minimum of 8 hours and a maximum of 20 hours to be observed between the two legs). A Super Special Stage may be run on an extra day. The minimum aggregate distance of the selective sections is 300 km. No selective section may exceed 800 km.
Certificate of registration for the staff of Competitors entered in the FIA World Championships: Certificate of registration issued by the FIA to the members of the Competitor’s staff in the FIA World Championships in the conditions prescribed by the Code.
Championship: A Championship may be a series of Competitions or a single Competition.
Circuit: Closed Course, including the inherent installations, beginning and ending at the same point, built or adapted specifically for automobile racing. A Circuit may be temporary, semi-permanent or permanent, depending on the character of its installations and its availability for Competitions.
Circuit Race: Competition held on a closed Circuit between two or more Automobiles, running at the same time on the same course, in which speed or the distance covered in a given time is the determining factor.
Classification: Grouping of Automobiles according to their engine cylinder capacity or by any other means of distinction (See Appendices D and J).
Closed Competition: A National Competition may be called “closed” when it is confined solely to members of a Club who themselves hold Licences (Competitor or Driver) issued by the ASN of the country concerned.
Code: The FIA International Sporting Code and its Appendices.
Competition: Single motor sport activity with its own results. It may comprise (a) heat(s) and a final, free practice, qualifying practice sessions and results of several categories or be divided in some similar manner, but must be completed by the end of the Event. The following are considered as a Competition: Circuit Races, Rallies, Cross‐Country Rallies, Drag Races, Hill Climbs, Record Attempts, Tests, Trials, drifting and other form of Competitions at the discretion of the FIA.
Competitor: Person or body accepted for any Competition whatsoever, and necessarily holding a Competitor’s Licence issued by their Parent ASN.
Control Line: Line at the crossing of which an Automobile is timed.
Course: Route to be followed by Competitors.
Cross-Country Rally: Competition with a total distance between 1200 and 3000 km. The length of each selective section must be no more than 500 km.
Cylinder capacity: Volume generated in cylinder (or cylinders) by the upward or downward movement of the pistons. This volume is expressed in cubic centimetres, and for all calculations relating to Cylinder Capacity, the symbol Pi will be regarded as equivalent to 3.1416.
Demonstration: Display of the performance of one or more Automobiles.
Disqualification: A person or body shall be said to be disqualified when they have been definitively forbidden to take part in any Competition whatsoever. It shall render null and void any previous Entry made by the person disqualified and shall entail the forfeiture of Entry fees.
Drag race: Acceleration contest between at least two Automobiles racing from a standing Start over a straight, precisely measured Course in which the first Automobile to cross the Finish Line (without penalty) achieves the better performance.
Driver: Person driving an Automobile in any Competition whatsoever and necessarily holding a Driver’s Licence issued by their Parent ASN.
Entry: An Entry is a contract between a Competitor and the Organiser concerning the participation of the said Competitor in a given Competition. It can be signed by both parties or result from an exchange of correspondence.
EU Professional Competitor: professional Competitor holding a Licence issued by any European Union country, or by a comparable country designated as such by the FIA. Within that context, a professional Competitor is one who declares to the relevant authorities the money he receives by way of salary or sponsorship for competing in motor sport and provides proof of such declaration in a form acceptable to the ASN which issued his Licence, or who otherwise satisfies the FIA of his professional status, including by reference to benefits enjoyed but not required to be declared to the relevant authorities.
Event: An Event is made up of one or several of: Competition, Parade, Demonstration or Touring Assembly.
Exclusion: Exclusion means that a person or persons may not continue to participate in a Competition. The Exclusion may be for part of a Competition (e.g. heat, final, free practice, qualifying practice sessions, race, etc.) the whole Competition or several Competitions within the same Event, at the discretion of the stewards, and may be pronounced during or after the Competition, or part of the Competition, as determined by the stewards. The excluded person’s relevant results or times are voided.
FIA: The Fédération Internationale de l’Automobile.
Finish Line: Final Control Line, with or without timing.
Force Majeure: Unpredictable, unpreventable and external event.
Handicap: Method laid down in the Supplementary Regulations of a Competition with the object of equalising as far as possible the chances of the Competitors.
Hill Climb: Competition in which each Automobile takes the start individually to cover the same course ending with a Finish Line usually situated at a higher altitude than the Start Line. The time taken to cover the distance between the Start and Finish Lines is the determining factor for establishing the classifications.
International Championship: Championship formed solely of International Competitions and which is organised by the FIA, or by another body with written consent of the FIA.
International Competition: Competition which procures a standard level of international safety according to the prescriptions decreed by the FIA in the Code and its Appendices.
International Licence: Licence issued by an ASN on behalf of the FIA and which is valid for International Competitions appropriate to the level of such Licence, provided that they are entered on the International Sporting Calendar.
Licence: Certificate of registration issued to any person or body (Drivers, Competitors, manufacturers, teams, officials, Organisers, Circuits, etc.) wishing to participate or taking part, in any capacity whatsoever, in Competitions governed by the Code.
Licence-Holders’ Register: List held by an ASN of those persons to whom this ASN has issued either a Competitor’s or a Driver’s Licence.
Licence Number: Numbers allotted annually by an ASN to the Competitors or to Drivers entered on its register.
Marathon Cross-Country Rally: Cross-Country Rally with a total distance of at least 5000 km. The total distance of the selective sections must be at least 3000 km.
Mile and Kilometre: For all conversions of imperial to metric measurements, and vice versa, the Mile shall be taken as 1.609344 Kilometres.
National Championship: Championship organised by an ASN, or by another body with written consent of the ASN.
National Competition: Any Competition not satisfying any of the conditions of an International Competition.
National Record: Record established or broken in conformity with the rules established by an ASN on its territory or on the territory of another ASN with the prior authorisation of the latter. A National Record is said to be a class Record if it is the best result obtained in one of the classes into which the types of Automobiles eligible for the attempt are subdivided, or an absolute Record if it is the best result, not taking the classes into account.
Official Programme: Compulsory official document prepared by the Organising Committee of a Competition giving all information in order to acquaint the public with the details of the Competition.
Organiser: ASN, automobile club or another qualified sporting group.
Organising Committee: Body approved by the ASN invested by the Organisers of a Competition with all necessary powers for the organisation of a Competition and the enforcement of Supplementary Regulations
Organising Permit: Document issued by the ASN authorising the organisation of a Competition
Outright World Record: A Record recognised by the FIA as the best flying start Kilometre or Mile result obtained with an Automobile, irrespective ofcategory, of class or of group.
Parade: Display of a group of Automobiles at a moderate speed.
Parc Fermé: Location where the Competitor is obliged to bring his Automobile(s) as foreseen by the applicable regulations.
Parent ASN: ASN of the country of which the licence‐holder is a national. In the case of an EU Professional Competitor or Driver, a Parent ASN may also be the ASN of the European Union country of which the licence‐holder is a bonafide permanent resident.
Participant: Any person having access to the Reserved Areas.
Passenger: Person, other than the Driver, conveyed on an Automobile and weighing with personal equipment not less than 60 kg.
Rally: Road Competition with an imposed average speed run entirely or partly on roads open to normal traffic. A Rally consists either of a single itinerary which must be followed by all cars, or of several itineraries converging on a same rallying‐point fixed beforehand and followed or not by a common itinerary. The route may include one or several special stages, i.e. events organised on roads closed to normal traffic, and which together determine the general classification of the Rally. The itineraries which are not used for special stages are called road sections. Speed must never constitute a factor determining the classification on these road sections. Competitions partly using roads open to normal traffic, but including special stages on permanent or semi‐permanent Circuits for more than 20% of the total mileage of the rally, must be considered, for all questions of procedure, as speed Competitions.
Record (also Land Speed Record): Best result obtained in particular conditions prescribed by the Code.
Record Attempt: Attempt to break a National Record, World Record, Absolute World Record, or Outright World Record, in accordance with the Code.
Reserved Areas: Areas where a Competition is taking place. They include, but are not limited to:
Special Automobiles: Vehicles on at least four wheels which are propelled otherwise than through their wheels.
Speedway: Permanent Circuit, with not more than 4 corners, all of which turn in the same direction.
Start: Moment when the order to start is given to a Competitor or to several Competitors starting together.
Start Line: First Control Line, with or without timing.
Super Licence: Licence drawn up and issued by the FIA to those candidates who apply for it, provided that they are already holders of a national Licence in accordance with Appendix L and it is compulsory for certain FIA International Championships under the conditions specified by each set of regulations.
Supplementary Regulations: Official document issued by the Organising Committee of a Competition with the object of laying down the details of a Competition.
Suspension: A person or body shall be said to be suspended when they have, for a specified period, been forbidden to take part in any Competition, either within the territory of the ASN which has pronounced the sentence of suspension or in that of any country acknowledging the authority of the FIA.
Test: Authorised Competition in which each Competitor may select his own time for carrying it out within a period determined by the regulations.
Touring Assembly: Motor sport activities organised with the sole aim of assembling participants at a point determined beforehand.
Trial: Competition comprising a number of tests of distance or skill.
World Record: Best performance accomplished in a determined class or group. There are World Records for Automobiles and Special Automobiles.